Background: Mitochondrial DNA maintenance defects (MDMDs) is one of the critical pediatric dysfunction. One of the recent report indicated that a severe patient of MDMDs carries the NP_056528.2:p.Asn221Ser (N221S) variation in the RRM2B gene (NM_015713.5). However, there is no direct evidence demonstrating the nature of the N221S variation. Materials and Methods: This study aimed to utilize zebrafish and morpholino oligomer (MO) knockdown technique to provide direct evidence for the nature of the N221S variation in the RRM2B. Results: The results showed that two distinct MOs were both able to perturb the expression of rrm2b in zebrafish and dose-dependently induced morphological defects. Furthermore, co-injection of human wild-type RRM2B mRNA with MO-e4i4 successfully rescued the developmental defects, whereas co-injection of RRM2B/N221S mRNA with MO-e4i4 did not rescue the developmental defects. Conclusion: In conclusion, the functional assay in this study provided the direct evidence proving that the N221S variation is a loss-of-function mutation and plausibly related to the pathogenic developmental defects found in the infants of previous clinical reports.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology