The purpose of the study was: to explore the effect and model fit of psychological skills training-self-talk on self-efficacy and performance of volleyball athletes. The subjects of the study were: college students in northern and central Taiwan participate volleyball team during a semester. The questionnaire consisted of three sections about self-talk, self-efficacy and self-performance. (1) Pre-test: one hundred and five questionnaires were returned (86.78 %), and using Cronbach's alpha and exploratory factor analysis to measure the reliability and validity of the scale; (2) Formal test: two hundred questionnaires were returned (83.68 %), and using structural equation modeling to confirm the effect and model fit of self-talk, self-efficacy and performance. The results of the study were: (1) H1: self-talk of volleyball athletes has a positive effect on self-efficacy (β = .521, p ＜ .05), H2: self-efficacy of volleyball athletes has a positive effect on self-performance (β = .574, p ＜ .05) and H3: self-talk of volleyball athletes has a indirectly positive effect on self-performance through self-efficacy (β = .299, p ＜ .05); (2) Model fit: R^2 of self-efficacy and self-performance are 27.20 % and 32.90 % and goodness of fit (GOF) is .453. Conclusions were: psychological skills training-self-talk helps the volleyball athletes build confidence and get them better athletic performance. Finally, the researcher hopes that the results of the study will be useful in future academic and practical aspects.
- Psychological Skills Training
- Sports Performance