The physical, chemical and biological effects by room temperature ceramic far-infrared ray emitting material irradiated water: A pilot study

Ting-Kai Leung, Jen Chang Yang, Yung Sheng Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Far infrared ray (FIR) is non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths of 4-16 μm. Ceramic far infrared ray emitting materials (cFIR) are sources of FIR that exhibit only non-thermal effects at room temperature. Certain physical, chemical and biological effects of cFIR irradiation were investigated in this study that heretofore has not been well characterized. We demonstrated that cFIR irradiation reduced the size of water clusters, and significantly increased the freezing temperature of water. We also observed an increase in the volatility of a complex mixture of alcohol, water and solutes and recorded elevated total phenol in green tea infusions prepared using cFIR irradiated water. The effects of cFIR irradiated water on living cells were also investigated. TheMC3T3-E1 murine osteoblast cells grown in the presence of cFIR irradiated water exhibited anti-oxidative effects on H 2O 2-mediated toxicity, as evidenced by late stage increase in intracellular alkaline phosphatase. The presence of cFIR irradiated water also resulted in significant decrease in COX-2 production in the chondrosarcoma cell line, SW1353, in response to lipopolysaccharide induction. Based on our findings, the possible anti-inflammatory effects of cFIR irradiated water and implications of our study with regard to bone and joint health were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-597
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Chinese Chemical Society
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

Fingerprint

Infrared radiation
Water
Temperature
Cells
Irradiation
Osteoblasts
Phenol
Complex Mixtures
Freezing
Electromagnetic waves
Alkaline Phosphatase
Toxicity
Lipopolysaccharides
Light sources
Bone
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Alcohols
Health
Wavelength

Keywords

  • Ceramic far infrared ray emitting material
  • CFIR
  • CFIR irradiated water
  • COX-2
  • DSC
  • Freezing temperature
  • Inflammatory arthritis
  • MC3T3-E1 cell
  • Volatility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "The physical, chemical and biological effects by room temperature ceramic far-infrared ray emitting material irradiated water: A pilot study",
abstract = "Far infrared ray (FIR) is non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths of 4-16 μm. Ceramic far infrared ray emitting materials (cFIR) are sources of FIR that exhibit only non-thermal effects at room temperature. Certain physical, chemical and biological effects of cFIR irradiation were investigated in this study that heretofore has not been well characterized. We demonstrated that cFIR irradiation reduced the size of water clusters, and significantly increased the freezing temperature of water. We also observed an increase in the volatility of a complex mixture of alcohol, water and solutes and recorded elevated total phenol in green tea infusions prepared using cFIR irradiated water. The effects of cFIR irradiated water on living cells were also investigated. TheMC3T3-E1 murine osteoblast cells grown in the presence of cFIR irradiated water exhibited anti-oxidative effects on H 2O 2-mediated toxicity, as evidenced by late stage increase in intracellular alkaline phosphatase. The presence of cFIR irradiated water also resulted in significant decrease in COX-2 production in the chondrosarcoma cell line, SW1353, in response to lipopolysaccharide induction. Based on our findings, the possible anti-inflammatory effects of cFIR irradiated water and implications of our study with regard to bone and joint health were discussed.",
keywords = "Ceramic far infrared ray emitting material, CFIR, CFIR irradiated water, COX-2, DSC, Freezing temperature, Inflammatory arthritis, MC3T3-E1 cell, Volatility",
author = "Ting-Kai Leung and Yang, {Jen Chang} and Lin, {Yung Sheng}",
year = "2012",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The physical, chemical and biological effects by room temperature ceramic far-infrared ray emitting material irradiated water

T2 - A pilot study

AU - Leung, Ting-Kai

AU - Yang, Jen Chang

AU - Lin, Yung Sheng

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - Far infrared ray (FIR) is non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths of 4-16 μm. Ceramic far infrared ray emitting materials (cFIR) are sources of FIR that exhibit only non-thermal effects at room temperature. Certain physical, chemical and biological effects of cFIR irradiation were investigated in this study that heretofore has not been well characterized. We demonstrated that cFIR irradiation reduced the size of water clusters, and significantly increased the freezing temperature of water. We also observed an increase in the volatility of a complex mixture of alcohol, water and solutes and recorded elevated total phenol in green tea infusions prepared using cFIR irradiated water. The effects of cFIR irradiated water on living cells were also investigated. TheMC3T3-E1 murine osteoblast cells grown in the presence of cFIR irradiated water exhibited anti-oxidative effects on H 2O 2-mediated toxicity, as evidenced by late stage increase in intracellular alkaline phosphatase. The presence of cFIR irradiated water also resulted in significant decrease in COX-2 production in the chondrosarcoma cell line, SW1353, in response to lipopolysaccharide induction. Based on our findings, the possible anti-inflammatory effects of cFIR irradiated water and implications of our study with regard to bone and joint health were discussed.

AB - Far infrared ray (FIR) is non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths of 4-16 μm. Ceramic far infrared ray emitting materials (cFIR) are sources of FIR that exhibit only non-thermal effects at room temperature. Certain physical, chemical and biological effects of cFIR irradiation were investigated in this study that heretofore has not been well characterized. We demonstrated that cFIR irradiation reduced the size of water clusters, and significantly increased the freezing temperature of water. We also observed an increase in the volatility of a complex mixture of alcohol, water and solutes and recorded elevated total phenol in green tea infusions prepared using cFIR irradiated water. The effects of cFIR irradiated water on living cells were also investigated. TheMC3T3-E1 murine osteoblast cells grown in the presence of cFIR irradiated water exhibited anti-oxidative effects on H 2O 2-mediated toxicity, as evidenced by late stage increase in intracellular alkaline phosphatase. The presence of cFIR irradiated water also resulted in significant decrease in COX-2 production in the chondrosarcoma cell line, SW1353, in response to lipopolysaccharide induction. Based on our findings, the possible anti-inflammatory effects of cFIR irradiated water and implications of our study with regard to bone and joint health were discussed.

KW - Ceramic far infrared ray emitting material

KW - CFIR

KW - CFIR irradiated water

KW - COX-2

KW - DSC

KW - Freezing temperature

KW - Inflammatory arthritis

KW - MC3T3-E1 cell

KW - Volatility

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