The outcome of shunted hydrocephalic children

C. L. Kao, T. F. Yang, Tai-Tong Wong, L. Y. Cheng, S. Y. Huang, H. S. Chen, C. L. Kao, R. C. Chan

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Abstract

Background. Neurological sequelae and mental retardation may result from different etiological types of hydrocephalus. The aim of our study is to determine the intellectual development and the "shunt history" of these children with regard to the complications and revision rates. Methods. We reviewed the medical history of non-tumoral pediatric hydrocephalic patients who had received first shunt insertions between 1983 and 1997 and had been regularly followed up at the out-patient clinics of Taipei Veterans General Hospital. These patients were categorized into five different etiological groups. Their intelligence test scores and the surgical morbidity encountered over this period were used as the main outcome measures. Results. Out of the seventy-three patients, post-meningitis hydrocephalus patients had the significantly highest shunt revision rate (2.50±0.82, p = 0.01). They also showed retardation in IQ scores, but the different was not significant when compared with other groups. The results of IQ tests were not related to either the age of initial shunt insertion (p = 0.461) or revision rates (p = 0.292). For physical disabilities, post-meningitis hydrocephalic patients showed highest incidence of epilepsy (40%) while hydrocephalic patients associated with myelomeningocele had the highest incidence of motor deficits (56.25%). Conclusions. Childhood hydrocephalic patients had different developmental neuroimpairments with respect to different etiologies. This study provides information about the physical and mental outcome of post-operative hydrocephalic patients which is valuable to assist in counsel of their families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-53
Number of pages7
JournalChinese Medical Journal (Taipei)
Volume64
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 23 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Hydrocephalus
  • Intelligence tests
  • Reoperation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kao, C. L., Yang, T. F., Wong, T-T., Cheng, L. Y., Huang, S. Y., Chen, H. S., Kao, C. L., & Chan, R. C. (2001). The outcome of shunted hydrocephalic children. Chinese Medical Journal (Taipei), 64(1), 47-53.