The optimal tidal volume delivered by ventilator after pulmonary resection: Its effect on cardiopulmonary hemodynamics

Jang Ming Lee, Yung Chie Lee, Ta-Liang Chen, San Lin You, Shi Ping Luh, Chun Jean Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pulmonary function and gas exchange deteriorate after pulmonary resection. The vital capacity, tidal volume, and functional capacity decrease after pulmonary resection because of loss of effective lung volume and, therefore, affect the setting of the ventilator. Nineteen patients undergoing pulmonary resection were included in this study on the optimal tidal volume delivered by a ventilator. Five patients received mediastinal surgery or wedge resection of the lung, 4 had pneumonectomy, and 10 had lobectomy. Immediately after the pulmonary surgery, they were maintained with ventilatory support. Subsequently, a different setting of tidal volume on the ventilator was given for each patient, i.e., 6 ml/kg, 8 ml/kg, 10 ml/kg, 12 ml/kg, and 14 ml/kg. For each setting of tidal volume, a hemodynamic study was performed including cardiac output and other parameters. With the examination of Wilk's Lambda test, there was no difference in association with different settings of tidal volume on blood pressure (F = 0.92, p = 0.51), pulmonary artery pressure (F = 0.95, p = 0.43), pulmonary vascular resistance (F = 0.24, p = 0.97), systemic vascular resistance (F = 0.42, p = 0.78), and cardiac output (F = 0.35, p = 0.93) in 3 different groups of patients. It is concluded that after pulmonary resection a patient's lungs can be inflated with a tidal volume to 14 ml/kg during ventilatory support without compromise of cardiovascular performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1282-1286
Number of pages5
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume20
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Hemodynamics
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Pulmonary resection
  • Tidal volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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