The number of Baby Friendly hospital practices experienced by mothers is positively associated with breastfeeding: A questionnaire survey

Li Yin Chien, Chen-Jei Tai, Kuei Hui Chu, Yi L. Ko, Yueh C. Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the association between number of Baby Friendly hospital practices (based on World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund Ten Steps to successful breastfeeding) experienced by mothers and breastfeeding initiation during hospital stay, breastfeeding at 1 month and breastfeeding at 3 months after delivery. Methods: The study population consisted of mothers who gave birth to infants without congenital anomalies at hospitals in Taiwan from June to October of 2003, inclusively. A total of 2079 mothers participated in the postal questionnaire survey. Results: Only 1% of women reported experiencing all 10-step practices, while 5.7% of women did not report experiencing any Baby Friendly practices. Mothers who delivered at certified Baby Friendly hospitals experienced more 10-step practices. The level of breastfeeding increased as the number of 10-step practices experienced increased at all three time points when confounders were controlled in the model. Conclusions: This study found a dose-response relationship between number of 10-step practices experienced and breastfeeding. However, very few women in Taiwan reported experiencing all 10 steps. Our findings highlight the need for greater attention to implement the 10 steps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1138-1146
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007



  • Breastfeeding
  • Health-care quality
  • Maternal child health service

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)

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