The nature and distribution of affiliative behaviour during exposure to mild threat

Guillaume Dezecache, Julie Grèzes, Christoph D. Dahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Individual reactions to danger in humans are often characterized as antisocial and self-preservative. Yet, more than 50 years of research have shown that humans often seek social partners and behave prosocially when confronted by danger. This research has relied on post hoc verbal reports, which fall short of capturing the more spontaneous reactions to danger and determine their social nature. Real-world responses to danger are difficult to observe, due to their evanescent nature. Here, we took advantage of a series of photographs freely accessible online and provided by a haunted house attraction, which enabled us to examine the more immediate reactions to mild threat. Regarding the nature and structure of affiliative behaviour and their motivational correlates, we were able to analyse the distribution of gripping, a behaviour that could either be linked to self- or other-oriented protection. We found that gripping, an affiliative behaviour, was common, suggestive of the social nature of human immediate reactions to danger. We also found that, while gripping behaviour is quite stable across group sizes, mutual gripping dropped dramatically as group size increases. The fact that mutual gripping disappears when the number of available partners increases suggests that gripping behaviour most probably reflects a self-preservative motivation. We also found age class differences, with younger individuals showing more gripping but receiving little reciprocation. Also, the most exposed individuals received little mutual gripping. Altogether, these results suggest that primary reactions to threat in humans are driven by affiliative tendencies serving self-preservative motives.

Original languageEnglish
Article number170265
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 9 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

affiliative behavior
preservative
group size
age class
photograph
exposure
distribution

Keywords

  • Affiliation
  • Danger
  • Fear
  • Group
  • Grouping
  • Humans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

The nature and distribution of affiliative behaviour during exposure to mild threat. / Dezecache, Guillaume; Grèzes, Julie; Dahl, Christoph D.

In: Royal Society Open Science, Vol. 4, No. 8, 170265, 09.08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cd98054426bb4091985ea093134be3e9,
title = "The nature and distribution of affiliative behaviour during exposure to mild threat",
abstract = "Individual reactions to danger in humans are often characterized as antisocial and self-preservative. Yet, more than 50 years of research have shown that humans often seek social partners and behave prosocially when confronted by danger. This research has relied on post hoc verbal reports, which fall short of capturing the more spontaneous reactions to danger and determine their social nature. Real-world responses to danger are difficult to observe, due to their evanescent nature. Here, we took advantage of a series of photographs freely accessible online and provided by a haunted house attraction, which enabled us to examine the more immediate reactions to mild threat. Regarding the nature and structure of affiliative behaviour and their motivational correlates, we were able to analyse the distribution of gripping, a behaviour that could either be linked to self- or other-oriented protection. We found that gripping, an affiliative behaviour, was common, suggestive of the social nature of human immediate reactions to danger. We also found that, while gripping behaviour is quite stable across group sizes, mutual gripping dropped dramatically as group size increases. The fact that mutual gripping disappears when the number of available partners increases suggests that gripping behaviour most probably reflects a self-preservative motivation. We also found age class differences, with younger individuals showing more gripping but receiving little reciprocation. Also, the most exposed individuals received little mutual gripping. Altogether, these results suggest that primary reactions to threat in humans are driven by affiliative tendencies serving self-preservative motives.",
keywords = "Affiliation, Danger, Fear, Group, Grouping, Humans",
author = "Guillaume Dezecache and Julie Gr{\`e}zes and Dahl, {Christoph D.}",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1098/rsos.170265",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
journal = "Royal Society Open Science",
issn = "2054-5703",
publisher = "The Royal Society",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The nature and distribution of affiliative behaviour during exposure to mild threat

AU - Dezecache, Guillaume

AU - Grèzes, Julie

AU - Dahl, Christoph D.

PY - 2017/8/9

Y1 - 2017/8/9

N2 - Individual reactions to danger in humans are often characterized as antisocial and self-preservative. Yet, more than 50 years of research have shown that humans often seek social partners and behave prosocially when confronted by danger. This research has relied on post hoc verbal reports, which fall short of capturing the more spontaneous reactions to danger and determine their social nature. Real-world responses to danger are difficult to observe, due to their evanescent nature. Here, we took advantage of a series of photographs freely accessible online and provided by a haunted house attraction, which enabled us to examine the more immediate reactions to mild threat. Regarding the nature and structure of affiliative behaviour and their motivational correlates, we were able to analyse the distribution of gripping, a behaviour that could either be linked to self- or other-oriented protection. We found that gripping, an affiliative behaviour, was common, suggestive of the social nature of human immediate reactions to danger. We also found that, while gripping behaviour is quite stable across group sizes, mutual gripping dropped dramatically as group size increases. The fact that mutual gripping disappears when the number of available partners increases suggests that gripping behaviour most probably reflects a self-preservative motivation. We also found age class differences, with younger individuals showing more gripping but receiving little reciprocation. Also, the most exposed individuals received little mutual gripping. Altogether, these results suggest that primary reactions to threat in humans are driven by affiliative tendencies serving self-preservative motives.

AB - Individual reactions to danger in humans are often characterized as antisocial and self-preservative. Yet, more than 50 years of research have shown that humans often seek social partners and behave prosocially when confronted by danger. This research has relied on post hoc verbal reports, which fall short of capturing the more spontaneous reactions to danger and determine their social nature. Real-world responses to danger are difficult to observe, due to their evanescent nature. Here, we took advantage of a series of photographs freely accessible online and provided by a haunted house attraction, which enabled us to examine the more immediate reactions to mild threat. Regarding the nature and structure of affiliative behaviour and their motivational correlates, we were able to analyse the distribution of gripping, a behaviour that could either be linked to self- or other-oriented protection. We found that gripping, an affiliative behaviour, was common, suggestive of the social nature of human immediate reactions to danger. We also found that, while gripping behaviour is quite stable across group sizes, mutual gripping dropped dramatically as group size increases. The fact that mutual gripping disappears when the number of available partners increases suggests that gripping behaviour most probably reflects a self-preservative motivation. We also found age class differences, with younger individuals showing more gripping but receiving little reciprocation. Also, the most exposed individuals received little mutual gripping. Altogether, these results suggest that primary reactions to threat in humans are driven by affiliative tendencies serving self-preservative motives.

KW - Affiliation

KW - Danger

KW - Fear

KW - Group

KW - Grouping

KW - Humans

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85026999811&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85026999811&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1098/rsos.170265

DO - 10.1098/rsos.170265

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85026999811

VL - 4

JO - Royal Society Open Science

JF - Royal Society Open Science

SN - 2054-5703

IS - 8

M1 - 170265

ER -