The medical, functional and social challenges faced by older adults with intellectual disability

Liang En Wee, Gerald Choon Huat Koh, Linda S. Auyong, Angela L.K. Cheong, Thant Thant Myo, Jingyi Lin, Esther M.K. Lim, Serene X.Y. Tan, Sridevi Sundaramurthy, Chu Wen Koh, Prabha Ramakrishnan, Reena Aariyapillai-Rajagopal, Hemamalini Vaidynathan-Selvamuthu, Ma Ma Khin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Little is known about the sociodemographic and clinical profi le of older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) in Singapore. We studied the sociodemographic and clinical profi le of older adults with ID and investigated factors associated with caregiver availability and identity in this population. Materials and Methods: The study population involved all adults with ID aged ≥40 years receiving services from the Movement for the Intellectually Disabled of Singapore (MINDS), the largest such provider in Singapore. Information on sociodemographic and clinical profi les, functional status, and availability of caregivers were collected via interviewer-administered questionnaires from guardians of older adults with ID. Descriptive characteristics were computed and chi-square and logistic regression identifi ed predictors of caregiver availability and identity. Results: Participation was 95% (227/239). There were differences in client age, gender, and caregiver availability between recipients of residential and non-residential services (all P <0.05). Common comorbidities included hyperlipidaemia (17.6%), hypertension (15.9%), psychiatric diagnoses (16.3%) and epilepsy (10.6%). The majority were fully independent in basic activities of daily living, but only 21.1% were fully communicative. Only a small minority (9.4%) were exercising regularly. The majority (73.5%) of clients had a primary caregiver; almost equal proportions relied on either parents or siblings. Older client age was associated independently with the lack of a primary caregiver, independent of greater functional dependence and presence of medical comorbidities in the client. Conclusion: Older adults with ID have multiple medical, functional, and social issues. More can be done to support the care of this unique group of adults with special needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-349
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore
Volume42
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Intellectual Disability
Caregivers
Singapore
Comorbidity
Activities of Daily Living
Hyperlipidemias
Mental Disorders
Population
Siblings
Epilepsy
Parents
Logistic Models
Interviews
Hypertension

Keywords

  • Caregiver
  • Clinical profi le
  • Functional status
  • Intellectual disabilities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Wee, L. E., Koh, G. C. H., Auyong, L. S., Cheong, A. L. K., Myo, T. T., Lin, J., ... Khin, M. M. (2013). The medical, functional and social challenges faced by older adults with intellectual disability. Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, 42(7), 338-349.

The medical, functional and social challenges faced by older adults with intellectual disability. / Wee, Liang En; Koh, Gerald Choon Huat; Auyong, Linda S.; Cheong, Angela L.K.; Myo, Thant Thant; Lin, Jingyi; Lim, Esther M.K.; Tan, Serene X.Y.; Sundaramurthy, Sridevi; Koh, Chu Wen; Ramakrishnan, Prabha; Aariyapillai-Rajagopal, Reena; Vaidynathan-Selvamuthu, Hemamalini; Khin, Ma Ma.

In: Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, Vol. 42, No. 7, 01.07.2013, p. 338-349.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wee, LE, Koh, GCH, Auyong, LS, Cheong, ALK, Myo, TT, Lin, J, Lim, EMK, Tan, SXY, Sundaramurthy, S, Koh, CW, Ramakrishnan, P, Aariyapillai-Rajagopal, R, Vaidynathan-Selvamuthu, H & Khin, MM 2013, 'The medical, functional and social challenges faced by older adults with intellectual disability', Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 338-349.
Wee, Liang En ; Koh, Gerald Choon Huat ; Auyong, Linda S. ; Cheong, Angela L.K. ; Myo, Thant Thant ; Lin, Jingyi ; Lim, Esther M.K. ; Tan, Serene X.Y. ; Sundaramurthy, Sridevi ; Koh, Chu Wen ; Ramakrishnan, Prabha ; Aariyapillai-Rajagopal, Reena ; Vaidynathan-Selvamuthu, Hemamalini ; Khin, Ma Ma. / The medical, functional and social challenges faced by older adults with intellectual disability. In: Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore. 2013 ; Vol. 42, No. 7. pp. 338-349.
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abstract = "Introduction: Little is known about the sociodemographic and clinical profi le of older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) in Singapore. We studied the sociodemographic and clinical profi le of older adults with ID and investigated factors associated with caregiver availability and identity in this population. Materials and Methods: The study population involved all adults with ID aged ≥40 years receiving services from the Movement for the Intellectually Disabled of Singapore (MINDS), the largest such provider in Singapore. Information on sociodemographic and clinical profi les, functional status, and availability of caregivers were collected via interviewer-administered questionnaires from guardians of older adults with ID. Descriptive characteristics were computed and chi-square and logistic regression identifi ed predictors of caregiver availability and identity. Results: Participation was 95{\%} (227/239). There were differences in client age, gender, and caregiver availability between recipients of residential and non-residential services (all P <0.05). Common comorbidities included hyperlipidaemia (17.6{\%}), hypertension (15.9{\%}), psychiatric diagnoses (16.3{\%}) and epilepsy (10.6{\%}). The majority were fully independent in basic activities of daily living, but only 21.1{\%} were fully communicative. Only a small minority (9.4{\%}) were exercising regularly. The majority (73.5{\%}) of clients had a primary caregiver; almost equal proportions relied on either parents or siblings. Older client age was associated independently with the lack of a primary caregiver, independent of greater functional dependence and presence of medical comorbidities in the client. Conclusion: Older adults with ID have multiple medical, functional, and social issues. More can be done to support the care of this unique group of adults with special needs.",
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AU - Koh, Gerald Choon Huat

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AU - Myo, Thant Thant

AU - Lin, Jingyi

AU - Lim, Esther M.K.

AU - Tan, Serene X.Y.

AU - Sundaramurthy, Sridevi

AU - Koh, Chu Wen

AU - Ramakrishnan, Prabha

AU - Aariyapillai-Rajagopal, Reena

AU - Vaidynathan-Selvamuthu, Hemamalini

AU - Khin, Ma Ma

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N2 - Introduction: Little is known about the sociodemographic and clinical profi le of older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) in Singapore. We studied the sociodemographic and clinical profi le of older adults with ID and investigated factors associated with caregiver availability and identity in this population. Materials and Methods: The study population involved all adults with ID aged ≥40 years receiving services from the Movement for the Intellectually Disabled of Singapore (MINDS), the largest such provider in Singapore. Information on sociodemographic and clinical profi les, functional status, and availability of caregivers were collected via interviewer-administered questionnaires from guardians of older adults with ID. Descriptive characteristics were computed and chi-square and logistic regression identifi ed predictors of caregiver availability and identity. Results: Participation was 95% (227/239). There were differences in client age, gender, and caregiver availability between recipients of residential and non-residential services (all P <0.05). Common comorbidities included hyperlipidaemia (17.6%), hypertension (15.9%), psychiatric diagnoses (16.3%) and epilepsy (10.6%). The majority were fully independent in basic activities of daily living, but only 21.1% were fully communicative. Only a small minority (9.4%) were exercising regularly. The majority (73.5%) of clients had a primary caregiver; almost equal proportions relied on either parents or siblings. Older client age was associated independently with the lack of a primary caregiver, independent of greater functional dependence and presence of medical comorbidities in the client. Conclusion: Older adults with ID have multiple medical, functional, and social issues. More can be done to support the care of this unique group of adults with special needs.

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