The mediating role of openness to experience and curiosity in the relationship between mindfulness and meaning in life: evidence from four countries

Chee Seng Tan, Intan Hashimah Mohd Hashim, Kai Shuen Pheh, Chris Pratt, Min Huey Chung, Anggi Setyowati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

While mindfulness has been found to increase well-being, the association between mindfulness and meaning in life has received relatively little attention. The present study examined the hypothetical positive relationship between mindfulness and meaning in life alongside the mechanism underlying the relationship. Specifically, guided by the Mindfulness-to-Meaning Theory, a serial mediation model testing openness to experience and curiosity as the mediators for the connection was proposed. Undergraduate student participants (N = 1267) from four countries (Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, & Taiwan) responded to a battery of tests consisting of the Mindful Awareness and Attention Scale, the Big Five Inventory Openness Scale, the Curiosity and Exploration Inventory-II, and the Meaning in Life scale. Based on a correlation analysis, the four variables were positively correlated with one another in the whole sample except for the relationship between mindfulness and curiosity. Furthermore, the mediation analysis supports the positive correlation between mindfulness and the presence of meaning in life indirectly via openness and then curiosity while controlling search for meaning in life. Such pattern is consistent across the four samples. Overall, the findings offer cross-cultural evidence on the positive association between mindfulness and meaning in life and shed light on the underlying processes. Therefore, mindfulness practices have potential applications in achieving meaningful lives.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural
  • Mindfulness
  • Personality traits
  • Statistical mediation
  • Well-being
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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