The mechanism of reducing thiopentone dose in elderly patients undergoing surgery.

S. T. Ho, O. Y. Hu, L. H. Pao, W. Ho, S. C. Lee

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dose of thiopentone required to induce anesthesia in adults decreasing with age is not due to pharmacodynamic change. The change of pharmacokinetic properties of thiopentone with age in undergoing surgery patient's arterial blood was investigated in seven elderly (67-82 yr) and six young (21-33 yr) patients of both sexes. Thiopentone (3 mg kg-1) was administered intravenously and arterial blood samples were obtained immediately after the injection to measure plasma and red blood cell thiopentone concentrations by an HPLC method. Plasma protein binding was studied using ultracentrifuge method. The disappearance of thiopentone from the arterial blood was described by a two-compartment open model. The distribution rate constant (alpha) was significantly larger in the young patients (p less than 0.001). The distribution half-life was longer in the elderly (p less than 0.05). Both the input microscopic rate constant, K21, and the exit microscopic rate constant, K12, with the central compartment were significantly larger in the young patients. (p less than 0.02 and p less than 0.001, respectively). The difference between the exit and input microscopic rate constant, K12-K21, was much larger in the young patients (p less than 0.001). The plasma protein binding was significantly reduced in the elderly (p less than 0.05). The apparent overall volume of distribution, Vd was not significantly different between young and elder patients. However, the volume of distribution of the central compartment was smaller in the young patients (p less than 0.05). This was probably due to the difficulty of estimation of initial thiopentone plasma concentration post-equilibrium in the central compartment after administration of thiopentone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the National Science Council, Republic of China. Part B, Life sciences
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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