The longevity of arteriovenous graft for hemodialysis patients - Externally supported or nonsupported

Yen-Ni Hung, Po Jen Ko, Yee Yung Ng, Shiao Chi Wu

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and objectives: Because thrombosis and stenosis are the most frequent causes of arteriovenous graft (AVG) failure, several externally supported grafts were designed to enhance incompressibility and kinking resistance to improve the patency. However, consensus on advantage of these modifications having still not been reached might relate to the previous limited patient numbers and small studies. This study analyzed the longevity of externally supported and nonsupported AVG on the basis of the nationwide database to understand whether the externally supported design could improve the duration of patency of AVG. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Adult incident patients (n = 4402) were retrospectively enrolled who had began hemodialysis between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2005. All incident patients with AVG, before or after beginning regular hemodialysis, between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2006 were identified. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to compare the longevity of externally supported and nonsupported AVG by controlling other covariates. Results: There were 990 patients with externally supported AVG and 3412 patients with nonsupported AVG. The patency rates of externally supported AVG were 49.4%, 31.6%, and 20.2% at 1, 2 and 3 years, respectively; those of nonsupported AVG were 31.9%, 17.4%, and 10.8%. The survival of nonsupported AVG was significantly inferior to that of externally supported AVG. Conclusions: Externally supported AVG are superior to nonsupported AVG for long-term patency. The incompressibility and kinking resistance of ringed grafts may shed light on a direction for the future development of dialysis graft design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1029-1035
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation
  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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