Purpose: Our purpose was to determine whether the coverage of brain parenchyma within the 12 Gy radiosurgical volume (V12) correlates with the development of radiation-induced changes (RICs) in patients with unruptured cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) after undergoing stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Methods and Materials: This study conducted regular follow-up examinations of 165 patients with unruptured AVMs who had previously undergone SRS. The RICs identified in T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans at any time point in the first 3 years after SRS were labeled “early RICs.” The RICs identified in T2-weighted MRI scans at 5-year follow-up brain images were labeled “late RICs.” Fully automated segmentation was used to analyze the MRI scans from these patients, whereupon the volume and proportion of brain parenchyma within the V12 was calculated. Logistic regression analysis was used to characterize the factors affecting the incidence of early and late RICs of any grade after SRS. Results: The median duration of follow-up was 70 months (range, 36-222). Early RICs were identified in 124 of the 165 patients with the highest grades as followed: grade 1 (103 patients), grade 2 (19 patients), and grade 3 (2 patients). Only 103 patients had more than 5 years follow-up, and late RICs were identified in 70 of 103 patients. Seventeen of 70 patients with late RICs were symptomatic. The median volume and proportion of brain parenchyma within the V12 was 22.4 cm3 (range, 0.6-63.9) and 58.7% (range, 18.4-76.8). Univariate analysis revealed that AVM volume and the brain volume within the V12 were correlated with the incidence of both early and late RICs after SRS. Multivariable analysis revealed that only the brain volume within the V12 was significantly associated with the incidence of early and late RICs after SRS. Conclusions: In patients with unruptured AVM, the volume of brain parenchyma within the V12 was an important factor associated with the incidence of early and late RICs after SRS. Before SRS, meticulous radiosurgical planning to reduce brain parenchyma coverage within the V12 could reduce the risk of complications.
|Journal||International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research