The interference of low back pain on everyday functions of life in care workers for persons with intellectual, autistic, and associated multiple disabilities: The Brief Pain Inventory short form (BPI-SF) survey

Jin Ding Lin, Lan Ping Lin, Sheng Fang Su, Shang Wei Hsu, Yu Ching Chou, Fu Gong Lin, Ching Hui Loh, Jia Ling Wu, Cordia M. Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Low back pain is a critical public health problem; this condition significantly affects the quality of life and has a major socioeconomic impact. The present study aimed to investigate the interference of low back pain with everyday functions of life in disability care workers, and to examine the influencing factors of the interference, such as workers' demographic, lifestyle habits, self-reported health status, working conditions and previous pain experience. The Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale and Brief Pain Inventory - Short Form were used to identify the pain severity and life interference of 677 participants who had experienced low back pain conditions in the previous year. The results indicated that the mean score of the pain severity was 3.78 ± 1.82, 78.9% subjects experienced mild pain (score 2-4), 13.7% subjects experienced moderate pain, and 5.3% subjects experienced severe pain. More than twenty percent of the respondents reported that low back pain moderately or severely interfered with their daily functions. Many working conditions and pain experienced significantly correlated with the score of pain interference in the care workers after controlling for factors of healthy lifestyle and health status (R 2 = 41.7%). These findings may garner attention from health welfare authorities and lead to improvements in health promotion initiatives to prevent low back pain from interfering with the daily activities of care workers for people with intellectual, autistic and associated disabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)692-700
Number of pages9
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014



  • Autism
  • BPI-SF
  • FACES pain rating scale
  • Intellectual disability
  • Life interference
  • Low back pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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