The Influence of Reducing Clinical Practicum Anxiety on Nursing Professional Employment in Nursing Students with Low Emotional Stability

Mei Hsin Lai, Chyn Yuan Tzeng, Hsiu Ju Jen, Min Huey Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nursing students experience anxiety during clinical practicum, which may interfere with their learning in clinical practice and nursing employment after graduation. This study explored: (1) the factors of the difference in anxiety levels between pre-and post-practicum in nursing students; (2) identified their anxiety events in a clinical environment; and (3) the correlation between emotional stability and 5-year nursing professional employment. The study was designed as a mixed method. A longitudinal secondary analysis method and a qualitative approach with open questionnaire were conducted. The emotional stability subscale of Lai’s Personality Inventory and the Beck Anxiety Inventory, as well as open questionnaires were administered. Research data were collected through the purposive sampling of 237 nursing students (mean age was 20.96, SD = 1.29) of 4.2% male and 95.8% female in a central Taiwan hospital in 2013, and the participants were followed up in 2021 to show 70% in clinical service. Most of the nursing students exhibited significantly decreased anxiety levels in the post-practicum period. Compared to nursing students with high emotional stability, those with low emotional stability exhibited higher differences in their anxiety levels between the pre-and post-practicum periods. Low emotional stability is critical in a pre-practicum BAI score. However, the high pre-practicum BAI score would decrease to normal range after enrolling to practicum setting. So, as to their 5-year nursing professional employment after graduation. Teachers foster a positive learning atmosphere that emphasizes the importance of “we are family” to students. Teachers and advisors need to make efforts in leading the low emotional stability nursing students to learn effective coping and adapting strategies in clinical practicum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8374
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume19
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2022

Keywords

  • adapting strategies
  • clinical practicum anxiety
  • coping
  • hospital nursing units
  • low emotional stability
  • nursing professional employment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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