The high prevalence of sarcopenia and its associated outcomes following hip surgery in Taiwanese geriatric patients with a hip fracture

Yu Pin Chen, Poo Kuang Wong, Ming Jr Tsai, Wei Chun Chang, Tyng Shiuan Hsieh, Tsai Hsueh Leu, Chien Fu Jeff Lin, Chian Her Lee, Yi Jie Kuo, Chung Ying Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Sarcopenia, which is a common risk factor for falls and fractures, affects the functional outcome and mortality in geriatric populations. However, the prevalence of sarcopenia among geriatric Taiwanese patients with a hip fracture is unknown, nor is the effect of sarcopenia on the outcome of hip surgery. Methods: From December 2017 to February 2019, geriatric patients who underwent surgery for a hip fracture were prospectively enrolled. Basic demographic data, responses to questionnaires for dementia screening and quality of life (QoL) and daily living activities (ADL) before the injury were analyzed to identify any association with sarcopenia. The QoL and ADL were monitored at six months after the operation to determine the difference between hip fracture patients with or without sarcopenia. Results: Of 139 hip fracture patients, 70 (50.36%) were diagnosed with sarcopenia. Accounting for all confounding factors in the multivariate logistic regression, lower body mass index (BMI), male gender and a weaker handgrip are the risk factors that are most strongly associated with a diagnosis of sarcopenia in geriatric patients with a hip fracture. Hip fracture patients with sarcopenia also have poor ADL and a lower QoL than patients without sarcopenia before the injury and six months after the operation. Conclusion: A high prevalence of sarcopenia among geriatric hip fracture patients is associated with a poor mid-term outcome following hip surgery. Clinicians must recognize the risk of sarcopenia, especially for male hip fracture patients with a lower BMI and a weaker handgrip.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Hip fracture
  • Outcome
  • Prevalence
  • Sarcopenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The high prevalence of sarcopenia and its associated outcomes following hip surgery in Taiwanese geriatric patients with a hip fracture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this