Abstract

Amyloid-β (Aβ) is the core component of senile plaques, which are the pathological markers for Alzheimer's disease and cerebral amyloid angiopathy. DNA methylation/demethylation plays a crucial role in gene regulation and could also be responsible for presentation of senescence. Oxidative stress, which may be induced by Aβ, is thought to be an important contributor of DNA hyper-methylation; however, contradicting this is the fact that global DNA hypo-methylation has been found in aging brains. It therefore remains largely unknown as to whether Aβ does in fact cause DNA methylation/demethylation. Neprilysin (NEP) is one of the enzymes responsible for Aβ degradation, with its expression decreasing in both Alzheimer and aging brains. Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), we explore whether Aβ is responsible for alteration of the global DNA methylation status on a murine cerebral endothelial cells model, and also use methylation-specific PCR (MSPCR) to examine whether DNA methylation status is altered on the NEP promoter region. We find that Aβ reduces global DNA methylation whilst increasing NEP DNA methylation and further suppressing the NEP expression in mRNA and protein levels. Our results support that Aβ induces epigenetic effects, implying that DNA methylation may be part of a vicious cycle involving the reduction in NEP expression along with a resultant increase in Aβ accumulation, and that Aβ may induce global DNA hypo-methylation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume378
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2 2009

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Neprilysin
Endothelial cells
DNA Methylation
Amyloid
Epigenomics
Endothelial Cells
Genes
DNA
Methylation
Brain
Aging of materials
Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy
Oxidative stress
High performance liquid chromatography
Amyloid Plaques
Genetic Promoter Regions
Gene expression
Alzheimer Disease
Oxidative Stress
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid-β
  • Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
  • DNA methylation
  • Neprilysin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Amyloid-β (Aβ) is the core component of senile plaques, which are the pathological markers for Alzheimer's disease and cerebral amyloid angiopathy. DNA methylation/demethylation plays a crucial role in gene regulation and could also be responsible for presentation of senescence. Oxidative stress, which may be induced by Aβ, is thought to be an important contributor of DNA hyper-methylation; however, contradicting this is the fact that global DNA hypo-methylation has been found in aging brains. It therefore remains largely unknown as to whether Aβ does in fact cause DNA methylation/demethylation. Neprilysin (NEP) is one of the enzymes responsible for Aβ degradation, with its expression decreasing in both Alzheimer and aging brains. Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), we explore whether Aβ is responsible for alteration of the global DNA methylation status on a murine cerebral endothelial cells model, and also use methylation-specific PCR (MSPCR) to examine whether DNA methylation status is altered on the NEP promoter region. We find that Aβ reduces global DNA methylation whilst increasing NEP DNA methylation and further suppressing the NEP expression in mRNA and protein levels. Our results support that Aβ induces epigenetic effects, implying that DNA methylation may be part of a vicious cycle involving the reduction in NEP expression along with a resultant increase in Aβ accumulation, and that Aβ may induce global DNA hypo-methylation.",
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author = "Chen, {Kun Lin} and Wang, {Steven Sheng Shih} and Yang, {Yi Yuan} and Yuan, {Rey Yue} and Chen, {Ruei Ming} and Hu, {Chaur Jong}",
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T1 - The epigenetic effects of amyloid-β1-40 on global DNA and neprilysin genes in murine cerebral endothelial cells

AU - Chen, Kun Lin

AU - Wang, Steven Sheng Shih

AU - Yang, Yi Yuan

AU - Yuan, Rey Yue

AU - Chen, Ruei Ming

AU - Hu, Chaur Jong

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N2 - Amyloid-β (Aβ) is the core component of senile plaques, which are the pathological markers for Alzheimer's disease and cerebral amyloid angiopathy. DNA methylation/demethylation plays a crucial role in gene regulation and could also be responsible for presentation of senescence. Oxidative stress, which may be induced by Aβ, is thought to be an important contributor of DNA hyper-methylation; however, contradicting this is the fact that global DNA hypo-methylation has been found in aging brains. It therefore remains largely unknown as to whether Aβ does in fact cause DNA methylation/demethylation. Neprilysin (NEP) is one of the enzymes responsible for Aβ degradation, with its expression decreasing in both Alzheimer and aging brains. Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), we explore whether Aβ is responsible for alteration of the global DNA methylation status on a murine cerebral endothelial cells model, and also use methylation-specific PCR (MSPCR) to examine whether DNA methylation status is altered on the NEP promoter region. We find that Aβ reduces global DNA methylation whilst increasing NEP DNA methylation and further suppressing the NEP expression in mRNA and protein levels. Our results support that Aβ induces epigenetic effects, implying that DNA methylation may be part of a vicious cycle involving the reduction in NEP expression along with a resultant increase in Aβ accumulation, and that Aβ may induce global DNA hypo-methylation.

AB - Amyloid-β (Aβ) is the core component of senile plaques, which are the pathological markers for Alzheimer's disease and cerebral amyloid angiopathy. DNA methylation/demethylation plays a crucial role in gene regulation and could also be responsible for presentation of senescence. Oxidative stress, which may be induced by Aβ, is thought to be an important contributor of DNA hyper-methylation; however, contradicting this is the fact that global DNA hypo-methylation has been found in aging brains. It therefore remains largely unknown as to whether Aβ does in fact cause DNA methylation/demethylation. Neprilysin (NEP) is one of the enzymes responsible for Aβ degradation, with its expression decreasing in both Alzheimer and aging brains. Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), we explore whether Aβ is responsible for alteration of the global DNA methylation status on a murine cerebral endothelial cells model, and also use methylation-specific PCR (MSPCR) to examine whether DNA methylation status is altered on the NEP promoter region. We find that Aβ reduces global DNA methylation whilst increasing NEP DNA methylation and further suppressing the NEP expression in mRNA and protein levels. Our results support that Aβ induces epigenetic effects, implying that DNA methylation may be part of a vicious cycle involving the reduction in NEP expression along with a resultant increase in Aβ accumulation, and that Aβ may induce global DNA hypo-methylation.

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