There was an outbreak of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) circulating recombinant form (CRF) 07_BC among injection drug users (IDUs) in Taiwan in 2004. In this chapter, we described a molecular epidemiological analysis of HIV-1 in Taiwan and further characterized the full length genome of the Taiwanese CRF07_BC. DNA sequencing and phylogenetic analysis were conducted to determine subtypes and evolutionary relationships. Recombination breakpoints of 2 full-length CRF07_BC strains were elucidated using a bootscanning method. Of 206 HIV-1-infected patients who received a diagnosis in 2004, 44.7% were infected with subtype B, 53.4% with CRF07_BC, and 1.5% with CRF01_AE. Ninety-eight percent (109/111) of IDUs were infected with CRF07_BC. Deletions of 7-11 amino acids in both p6gag and p6pol proteins were noted among the Taiwanese CRF07_BC strains. The CRF_07BC strains belonged to 2 phylogenetic clusters, and the first cluster contained only CRF07_BC strains from the southern part of Taiwan. The Taiwanese CRF07_BC strains had 97% full-length sequence homology with the prototype from mainland China. CRF07_BC was first introduced into the southern region in 2002 and then has been disseminated to other regions in Taiwan since 2004.
|Title of host publication||Handbook of Disease Outbreaks|
|Subtitle of host publication||Prevention, Detection and Control|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)