CE: original research: The efficacy of a nurse-led breathing training program in reducing depressive symptoms in patients on hemodialysis: a randomized controlled trial.

Siou Hung Tsai, Mei Yeh Wang, Nae Fang Miao, Pei Chuan Chian, Tso Hsiao Chen, Pei Shan Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


Background Depression is common in patients with chronic kidney disease who are on hemodialysis. Available behavioral modalities for treating depression may not be feasible for patients who receive hemodialysis two or three times per week. Objectives The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the efficacy of a nurse-led, in-center breathing training program in reducing depressive symptoms and improving sleep quality and health-related quality of life in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Participants and methods Fifty-seven patients on hemodialysis were randomly assigned either to an eight-session breathing training group or to a control group. The Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Medical Outcome Studies 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) were used to assess self-reported depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and health-related quality of life, respectively. Results The intervention group exhibited significantly greater decreases in BDI-II scores than the control group. No significant differences in PSQI change scores were observed between the groups. SF-36 change scores for both the domain of role limitation due to emotional problems and the mental component summary were significantly higher in the breathing training group than in the control group. Conclusion This intervention significantly alleviated depressive symptoms, reduced perceived role limitation due to emotional problems, and improved the overall mental health component of quality of life in patients on maintenance hemodialysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-32
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Nursing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 11 2015
Externally publishedYes



  • breathing training
  • depression
  • hemodialysis
  • quality of life
  • sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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