The effects of synoptical weather pattern and complex terrain on the formation of aerosol events in the Greater Taipei area

Ming Tung Chuang, Pen Chi Chiang, Chang Chuan Chan, Chu Fang Wang, E. E. Chang, Chung Te Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aerosol in the Taipei basin is difficult to transport outward under specific weather patterns owing to complex terrain blocking. In this study, seven weather patterns are identified from synoptic weather maps for aerosol events, which occurred from March 2002 to February 2005. Among the identified weather patterns, High Pressure Peripheral Circulation (HPPC), Warm area Ahead of a cold Front (WAF), TYPhoon (TYP), Pacific High Pressure system stretching westerly (PHP), Weak High Pressure system (WHP), and Weak Southern Wind (WSW) are related to terrain blocking. The remaining pattern is High Pressure system Pushing (HPP). The classification of the pollution origin of the air masses shows that 15% of event days were contributed by long-range transport (LRT), 20% by local pollution (LP), and 65% by LRT/LP mix. Terrain blocking causes aerosol accumulation from high atmospheric stability and weak winds occurring under HPPC, TYP, and PHP weather patterns when the Taipei basin is situated on the lee side of the Snow Mountains Chain (SMC). Terrain blocking also occurs when the Taipei basin is situated on the upwind of SMC and Mt. Da-Twen under WAF and WSW patterns. To study the variation of aerosol properties under the mixed influence of terrain and pollution origin, we conducted a field observation simultaneously at the urban, suburban, and background sites in the Greater Taipei area from April 14 to 23, 2004. Terrain blocking plays an important role in aerosol accumulation in the stagnant environment when the Taipei basin is on the lee side of SMC. On the other hand, the PM2.5 sulfate level is stable with a fraction of 30% in PM2.5 during the observation period at the urban (25%-33%) and background (25%-41%) sites. It indicates that background PM2.5 sulfate is high on the West Pacific in winter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-146
Number of pages19
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume399
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 25 2008

Fingerprint

complex terrain
Aerosols
high pressure system
aerosol
weather
Pollution
Snow
pollution
snow
typhoon
long range transport
basin
Sulfates
mountain
sulfate
aerosol property
cold front
westerly
air mass
Stretching

Keywords

  • Aerosol event
  • Aerosol properties
  • Atmospheric aerosols
  • Complex terrain
  • Synoptical weather pattern

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

The effects of synoptical weather pattern and complex terrain on the formation of aerosol events in the Greater Taipei area. / Chuang, Ming Tung; Chiang, Pen Chi; Chan, Chang Chuan; Wang, Chu Fang; Chang, E. E.; Lee, Chung Te.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 399, No. 1-3, 25.07.2008, p. 128-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chuang, Ming Tung ; Chiang, Pen Chi ; Chan, Chang Chuan ; Wang, Chu Fang ; Chang, E. E. ; Lee, Chung Te. / The effects of synoptical weather pattern and complex terrain on the formation of aerosol events in the Greater Taipei area. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2008 ; Vol. 399, No. 1-3. pp. 128-146.
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AB - The aerosol in the Taipei basin is difficult to transport outward under specific weather patterns owing to complex terrain blocking. In this study, seven weather patterns are identified from synoptic weather maps for aerosol events, which occurred from March 2002 to February 2005. Among the identified weather patterns, High Pressure Peripheral Circulation (HPPC), Warm area Ahead of a cold Front (WAF), TYPhoon (TYP), Pacific High Pressure system stretching westerly (PHP), Weak High Pressure system (WHP), and Weak Southern Wind (WSW) are related to terrain blocking. The remaining pattern is High Pressure system Pushing (HPP). The classification of the pollution origin of the air masses shows that 15% of event days were contributed by long-range transport (LRT), 20% by local pollution (LP), and 65% by LRT/LP mix. Terrain blocking causes aerosol accumulation from high atmospheric stability and weak winds occurring under HPPC, TYP, and PHP weather patterns when the Taipei basin is situated on the lee side of the Snow Mountains Chain (SMC). Terrain blocking also occurs when the Taipei basin is situated on the upwind of SMC and Mt. Da-Twen under WAF and WSW patterns. To study the variation of aerosol properties under the mixed influence of terrain and pollution origin, we conducted a field observation simultaneously at the urban, suburban, and background sites in the Greater Taipei area from April 14 to 23, 2004. Terrain blocking plays an important role in aerosol accumulation in the stagnant environment when the Taipei basin is on the lee side of SMC. On the other hand, the PM2.5 sulfate level is stable with a fraction of 30% in PM2.5 during the observation period at the urban (25%-33%) and background (25%-41%) sites. It indicates that background PM2.5 sulfate is high on the West Pacific in winter.

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