The effects of perceived stigma on quality of life outcomes in persons with early-stage dementia: Longitudinal findings: Part 2

Sandy C. Burgener, Kathleen Buckwalter, Yelena Perkhounkova, Fang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)


This article is the second report from a study examining perceived stigma in persons with dementia with findings regarding the association between stigma and quality of life outcomes being reported here. Fifty persons with dementia and 47 family caregivers were sampled, with data being collected at baseline and six, 12, and 18 months. The modified Stigma Impact Scale measured perceived stigma. Quality of life outcomes included: depression, anxiety, behavioral symptoms, personal control, physical health, self-esteem, social support, and activity participation. Linear mixed model or generalized linear mixed model (for depression) analyses revealed that some aspect of perceived stigma was associated with each outcome. Social rejection was associated with anxiety, behavioral symptoms, health, and activity participation. Internalized shame was associated with anxiety, personal control, health, self-esteem, social support understanding and assistance, and activity participation. Finally, social isolation was associated with depression, anxiety, personal control, health, self-esteem, social support understanding, and activity participation. The complexity of relationships between perceived stigma and quality of life outcomes is evident from these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)609-632
Number of pages24
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015



  • community-dwelling
  • early stage dementia
  • mixed model analysis
  • perceived stigma
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Sociology and Political Science

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