The Effects of Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions on COVID-19 Epidemic Growth Rate during Pre-and Post-Vaccination Period in Asian Countries

Le Duc Huy, Nhi Thi Hong Nguyen, Phan Thanh Phuc, Chung Chien Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is little knowledge about how the influence of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) reduces the COVID-19 infection rate during the period of vaccine rollout. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of NPIs on decreasing the epidemic growth of COVID-19 between before and after the vaccine rollout period among Asian countries. Our ecological study included observations from 30 Asian countries over the 20 weeks of the pre-and post-vaccination period. Data were extracted from the Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker and other open databases. Longitudinal analysis was utilized to evaluate the impacts of public health responses and vaccines. The facial covering policy was the most effective intervention in the pre-vaccination period, followed by border control and testing policies. In the post-vaccination period, restrictions on gatherings and public transport closure both play a key role in reducing the epidemic growth rate. Vaccine coverage of 1–5%, 5–10%, 10–30%, and over 30% of the population was linked with an average reduction of 0.12%, 0.32%, 0.31%, and 0.59%, respectively. Our findings support the evidence that besides the vaccine increasingly contributing to pandemic control, the implementation of NPIs also plays a key role.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1139
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2022

Keywords

  • Asia
  • COVID-19
  • Longitudinal analysis
  • Non-pharmaceutical interventions
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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