The effects of gender and a co-occurring depressive disorder on neurocognitive functioning in patients with alcohol dependence

I. Chao Liu, Chen Huan Chiu, Tsung Tsair Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The present study aims to examine neuropsychological impairments by comorbidity and gender among patients with alcohol dependence. Methods: The study sample is comprised of 123 subjects who fulfilled a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition (DSM-IV) diagnosis of alcohol dependence from January 2006 to December 2007. Subjects were asked to complete the following psychological tests: the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS), Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Wechsler Memory Scale and Color Trails Test. We compared the results of neuropsychological assessments based on two types of classifications: people with comorbid depression and people without comorbidity; females and males. Results: The immediate visual memory and the BIS scores in patients with comorbid depression were significantly different from the scores in patients without comorbidity. In addition, females performed significantly poorer on the Working Memory Index than males and had a later age of regular drinking. Conclusions: Further investigation of the mechanism associated with the gender difference on cognition and exploration of the temporal relationship between alcohol dependence and depressive disorder on the cognitive aspect is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberagq016
Pages (from-to)231-236
Number of pages6
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 29 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology

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