The effectiveness of healthy physical fitness programs on people with intellectual disabilities living in a disability institution: Six-month short-term effect

Chia Ling Wu, Jin Ding Lin, Jung Hu, Chia Feng Yen, Cheng Tung Yen, Yu Lan Chou, Po Hsun Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little information is available on the provision of physical fitness and intervention program among people with intellectual disabilities. The aim of this study is to provide information of examining the effectiveness of healthy physical fitness programs on people with intellectual disabilities living in a disability institution. There were 146 participants with intellectual disabilities (age 19-67 years) were recruited in the study. We collected information on disability condition (type and level), height, weight, BMI, and physical fitness status (includes V-shape sit and reach test, sit-up 30. s, sit-up 60. s, and shuttle run) at the beginning and 6 months later of the program intervention. The results show that there were statistical decreases in individual's weight, BMI score, BMI category, and positive improvement in V-shape sit and reach test, sit-up in 30. s and 60. s tests after 6-month interventions. However, the shuttle run test did not improve at the post-test among people with intellectual disabilities. The results also showed that the mild disability level group has the highest effectiveness on the healthy fitness program on decreasing body weight. Generally speaking, the preliminary study found the healthy exercise program has positive fitness effects on people with intellectual disabilities. To maximize the benefits of regular physical activity on people with ID, there is a need to evaluate the long-term effect of the intervention program and then to initiate the healthy exercise strategies in institution for this group of people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-717
Number of pages5
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Health promotion
  • Healthy fitness
  • Intellectual disability
  • Physical fitness
  • Regular physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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