The effect of using a relaxation tape on pulse, respiration, blood pressure and anxiety levels of surgical patients

Yi Li Ko, Pi Chu Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)


Aim. This study aims to investigate the effect of a relaxation tape on levels of anxiety in surgical patients. Background. Surgery is a stressful event for patients. Because of uncertainty regarding surgery and anaesthesia, patients often experience heightened anxiety and fear. Design. A one-group pretest-post-test quasi-experimental design. Methods. Samples were taken from surgical patients in a medical centre in northern Taiwan. The patients were given relaxation tapes the day before their scheduled surgery. Tests were conducted before and after patients listened to the tapes. STAI and respiration, pulse and blood pressure were used to collect data measurements on the anxiety level of these patients. Results. The average age of 80 patients was 43·14 (SD 17·27) years. After the patients listened to the relaxation tape, their respiration rate dropped from 18·4 (SD 6·9) -17·8 (SD 7·4), pulse rate dropped from 81·9 (SD 33·5) - (SD 33·7), systolic blood pressure decreased from 125·4 (SD 16) mmHg - 121·5 (SD 13·4) mmHg and STAI score dropped from 50·9 (SD 11·1) - 41·1 (SD 9·8). They all showed a significant level of difference (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-697
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012



  • Anxiety
  • Complementary therapy
  • Nurses
  • Nursing
  • Relaxation tape
  • Surgical patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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