Background: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the facilitating effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on posterolateral intertransverse fusion using a validated rabbit model. Methods: Twenty-four male New Zealand rabbits underwent posterolateral intertransverse fusion at L5-L6 with autogenous iliac bone graft. They were evenly divided into two groups: the HBO group and the normal room air (RA) group. Each group had six rabbits killed at 4 weeks and 8 weeks, respectively. The rabbits in the HBO groups were treated with 100% oxygen at 2.5 atm for 2 hours a day. After being killed, all rabbits were subjected to radiographic examination, manual testing, and torsional loading to evaluate the results of spinal fusion. Result: Radiographic union of intertransverse fusion areas at 4-week RA, 4-week HBO, 8-week RA, and 8-week HBO were 2 of 12, 7 of 12, 7 of 12, and 10 of 12, respectively. Solid union proven by manual palpation was found to be zero of six, three of six, four of six, and five of six of the cases, respectively. The average peak torsional momentums were 2120.2, 2576.5, 2661.6, and 3079.8 N-mm, respectively. Spinal fusion was significantly improved in the HBO groups at both 4 weeks and 8 weeks. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that intermittent hyperbaric oxygen therapy will hasten the bone healing process and improve the fusion rate as compared with the non-HBO group.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- Hyperbaric oxygen
- Spinal fusion
ASJC Scopus subject areas