The effect of a small triangular skin flap on vermillion height after cleft lip repair

a photogrammetry study

Ling Siew Wong, Ting Chen Lu, Philip Kuo Ting Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

During primary cleft lip repair, a small triangular flap of about 2 mm is sometimes required to achieve better symmetry of Cupid's bow. The aim of this study was to evaluate the symmetry of Cupid's bow, with and without the use of a small triangular skin flap (STSF). Forty-five children who underwent the repair of unilateral cleft lip between January 1999 and December 2000 were recruited. Twenty children had a STSF included in the repair (STSF group) an d 25 children underwent the same repair without the STSF (NSTSF group). Vermillion height was measured on the cleft and non-cleft sides using reference points. The t-test was used to compare the vermillion height ratio between the two groups. The mean age at surgery was 4 ± 1.3 months in the STSF group and 4.3 ± 0.6 years in the NSTSF group. There was no significant difference in vermillion height ratio at 5 years of age between the patients in the two groups. Thus, there is no difference in vermillion height ratio with or without a STSF in cleft lip repair. The use of a small triangular skin flap needs to be assessed carefully, as it will create an unsightly scar over the philtrum area.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Photogrammetry
Cleft Lip
Skin
Lip
Cicatrix

Keywords

  • cleft lip
  • triangular flap
  • vermillion height

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

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title = "The effect of a small triangular skin flap on vermillion height after cleft lip repair: a photogrammetry study",
abstract = "During primary cleft lip repair, a small triangular flap of about 2 mm is sometimes required to achieve better symmetry of Cupid's bow. The aim of this study was to evaluate the symmetry of Cupid's bow, with and without the use of a small triangular skin flap (STSF). Forty-five children who underwent the repair of unilateral cleft lip between January 1999 and December 2000 were recruited. Twenty children had a STSF included in the repair (STSF group) an d 25 children underwent the same repair without the STSF (NSTSF group). Vermillion height was measured on the cleft and non-cleft sides using reference points. The t-test was used to compare the vermillion height ratio between the two groups. The mean age at surgery was 4 ± 1.3 months in the STSF group and 4.3 ± 0.6 years in the NSTSF group. There was no significant difference in vermillion height ratio at 5 years of age between the patients in the two groups. Thus, there is no difference in vermillion height ratio with or without a STSF in cleft lip repair. The use of a small triangular skin flap needs to be assessed carefully, as it will create an unsightly scar over the philtrum area.",
keywords = "cleft lip, triangular flap, vermillion height",
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N2 - During primary cleft lip repair, a small triangular flap of about 2 mm is sometimes required to achieve better symmetry of Cupid's bow. The aim of this study was to evaluate the symmetry of Cupid's bow, with and without the use of a small triangular skin flap (STSF). Forty-five children who underwent the repair of unilateral cleft lip between January 1999 and December 2000 were recruited. Twenty children had a STSF included in the repair (STSF group) an d 25 children underwent the same repair without the STSF (NSTSF group). Vermillion height was measured on the cleft and non-cleft sides using reference points. The t-test was used to compare the vermillion height ratio between the two groups. The mean age at surgery was 4 ± 1.3 months in the STSF group and 4.3 ± 0.6 years in the NSTSF group. There was no significant difference in vermillion height ratio at 5 years of age between the patients in the two groups. Thus, there is no difference in vermillion height ratio with or without a STSF in cleft lip repair. The use of a small triangular skin flap needs to be assessed carefully, as it will create an unsightly scar over the philtrum area.

AB - During primary cleft lip repair, a small triangular flap of about 2 mm is sometimes required to achieve better symmetry of Cupid's bow. The aim of this study was to evaluate the symmetry of Cupid's bow, with and without the use of a small triangular skin flap (STSF). Forty-five children who underwent the repair of unilateral cleft lip between January 1999 and December 2000 were recruited. Twenty children had a STSF included in the repair (STSF group) an d 25 children underwent the same repair without the STSF (NSTSF group). Vermillion height was measured on the cleft and non-cleft sides using reference points. The t-test was used to compare the vermillion height ratio between the two groups. The mean age at surgery was 4 ± 1.3 months in the STSF group and 4.3 ± 0.6 years in the NSTSF group. There was no significant difference in vermillion height ratio at 5 years of age between the patients in the two groups. Thus, there is no difference in vermillion height ratio with or without a STSF in cleft lip repair. The use of a small triangular skin flap needs to be assessed carefully, as it will create an unsightly scar over the philtrum area.

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