八週不同加壓結合阻力訓練對一般男大生腿部肌肉量及運動表現之影響

Translated title of the contribution: The effect of 8 week different vascular occlusion combined with resistance exercise on leg muscle mass and exercise performance in male college students

何松諺, 陳竑廷, 鍾雨純, 吳慧君

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: The occlusion training is to use the appropriate pressure combined with relatively low intensity exercise training, it could achieve a similar effect as the high intensity training. The purpose of this study was to compare the 8 weeks of different occlusion pressures and intensities of resistance training on leg's muscle mass, lower limb isokinetic muscular strength and jump performance. Methods: 20 untrained students were randomly divided into low occlusion combined with high intensity resistance training [LOHR, 0.7 systolic blood pressure (SBP) + 70% 1RM] and high occlusion combined with low intensity resistance training (HOLR ; 1.7 SBP + 40% 1RM). The training was 3 days per week, 5 sets a day, 12 repetitions per set. And perform the physiological assessment before and after the training. Data were analyzed by using mixed design of two-way ANOVA to test the difference within and between groups. Results: The leg muscle mass in LOHR training was significantly increased after training (occlusion and non-occlusion before training: 8.4 ± 0.89,8.5 ± 0.86 ; after training: 8.7 ± 0.88, 8.7 ± 0.90 kg, respectively), and the LOHR was not increase significantly; there were no significant difference between the two groups. The muscle damage indicator CK was only significantly higher in the 4^(th) week than post-test in HOLR group. The 1RM of leg press was significantly improved in both groups. ( LOHR and HOLR before training: 256.7 ± 76.97, 267.3 ± 72.26 ; after training: 352.2 ± 107.53,340.5 ± 87.59 kg, respectively) Furthermore, the peak torque of isokinetic muscle strength of 60°.S^(-1) knee flexion with occlusion, 180°.S^(-1) knee flexion with occlusion and 180°.S^(-1) knee extension without occlusion were significantly better than pre-test in LOHR group, whereas the isokinetic of 60°.S-1 and 180° . S^(-1) knee extension and flexion were significantly higher than pre-test in HOLR group. The jumping performance on the two groups, the CMJ and SJ jump height and flight time performance were superior to the pre-test in two groups, and there was no significant differences between the two groups. (jump height of CMJ before training: 40.6 ± 3.13,36.4 ± 5.96; after training: 44.2 ± 4.73,40.6 ± 6.22 cm; flight time of CMJ before training: 574.9 ± 22.43, 543.0 ± 44.77; after training: 599.4 ± 33.11, 573.0 ± 45.58 ms; jump height of SJ before training: 41.1 ± 4.12, 36.7 ± 7.60; after training: 46.2 ± 5.79, 42.5 ± 7.56 cm; flight time of SJ before training: 575.2 ± 30.63, 544.5 ± 58.14; after training: 609.3 ± 41.47, 586.5 ± 55.69 ms, LOHR and HOLR respectively) Conclusion: LOHR's leg muscle mass was increased significant and the isokinetic muscle strength was better in the occlusion limb. The HOLR group with positive effect on both legs' muscular strength. In addition, the training program were able to improve jumping performance effectively. The training benefit may due to the resistance training, and the training effects of occlusion was restricted.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)19-32
Number of pages14
Journal體育學報
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Resistance Training
Blood Vessels
Leg
Exercise
Students
Knee
Muscles
Blood Pressure
Muscle Strength
Pressure
Torque
Lower Extremity
Analysis of Variance
Extremities
Education

Keywords

  • leg press
  • isokinetic muscle strength
  • jump performance
  • creatine kinase
  • nerve cross education

Cite this

八週不同加壓結合阻力訓練對一般男大生腿部肌肉量及運動表現之影響. / 何松諺; 陳竑廷; 鍾雨純; 吳慧君.

In: 體育學報, Vol. 50, No. 1, 2017, p. 19-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

何松諺 ; 陳竑廷 ; 鍾雨純 ; 吳慧君. / 八週不同加壓結合阻力訓練對一般男大生腿部肌肉量及運動表現之影響. In: 體育學報. 2017 ; Vol. 50, No. 1. pp. 19-32.
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title = "八週不同加壓結合阻力訓練對一般男大生腿部肌肉量及運動表現之影響",
abstract = "緒論:加壓訓練是採用適當的加壓壓力結合相對低強度的運動訓練,即能達到較高強度的訓練效果;本研究之目的爲比較8週不同強度阻力訓練及加壓處理對腿部肌肉量、下肢等速肌力及跳躍表現之影響。方法:20名一般男大生隨機分爲低壓高阻力(LOHR,0.7 SBP + 70%1RM)及高壓低阻力(HOLR,1.7 SBP + 40%1RM)訓練,進行每週3次,每次5組,每組12次反覆,並於8週訓練前、後進行各項生理評估。所得數據以混合設計二因子變異數分析,比較兩組各項指標之組内及組間差異。結果:LOHR訓練後雙腿肌肉量皆顯著增加(訓練前加壓腿及無加壓腿分別爲:8.4 ± 0.89、8.5 ± 0.86;訓練後則分別爲:8.74 ± 0.88、8.7 ± 0.90 kg),而HOLR訓練則未有顯著進步之情形;兩組組間皆無顯著差異。肌酸激酶只有LOHR組在第4週顯著高於後測。兩組大腿推蹬1RM皆有顯著進步外(訓練前LOHR及HOLR分別爲:256.7 ± 76.97、267.3 ± 72.26;訓練後爲:352.2 ± 107.53、340.5 ± 87.59 kg):LOHR組的等速肌力在60°.s^(-1)及180°.s^(-1)膝屈加壓腿、180°.s(-1)膝伸無加壓腿之力矩峰值顯著優於前測;而HOLR組兩腿在60°•s^(-1)與180°•s^(-1)的膝伸及膝屈皆顯著優於前測。兩組的原地擺臂垂直跳與跨步擺臂垂直跳表现皆顯著優於前測,且組間無差異(訓練前LOHR及HOLR的原地擺臂垂直跳跳躍高度分別爲:40.6 ± 3.13、36.4 ± 5.96;訓練後爲:44.2 ± 4.73、40.6 ± 6.22 cm;訓練前騰空時間:574.9 ± 22.43、543.0 ± 44.77;訓練後爲:599.4 ± 33.11、573.0 ± 45.58 ms;訓練前跨步擺臂垂直跳跳躍高度:41.1 ± 4.12、36.7 ± 7.60;訓練後為:46.2 ± 5.79、42.5 ± 7.56 cm;訓練前騰空時間:575.2 ± 30.63、544.5 ± 58.14;訓練後:609.3 ± 41.47、586.5 ± 55.69 ms)。結論;低壓高阻訓練的腿部肌肉量顯著增加,且等速肌力於加壓腿較佳,而高壓低阻訓練的肌力表現則兩腿皆顯著進步,此外,本研究之訓練可增進跳躍表現;不過本研究發現,各變項之進步主要受到阻力運動的影響較大,而加壓效果則較爲有限。",
keywords = "大腿推蹬, 等速肌力, 跳躍表現, 肌酸激酶, 神經交叉遷移, leg press, isokinetic muscle strength, jump performance, creatine kinase, nerve cross education",
author = "何松諺 and 陳竑廷 and 鍾雨純 and 吳慧君",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.3966/102472972017035001002",
language = "繁體中文",
volume = "50",
pages = "19--32",
journal = "體育學報",
issn = "1024-7297",
publisher = "中華民國體育學會",
number = "1",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - 八週不同加壓結合阻力訓練對一般男大生腿部肌肉量及運動表現之影響

AU - 何松諺, null

AU - 陳竑廷, null

AU - 鍾雨純, null

AU - 吳慧君, null

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - 緒論:加壓訓練是採用適當的加壓壓力結合相對低強度的運動訓練,即能達到較高強度的訓練效果;本研究之目的爲比較8週不同強度阻力訓練及加壓處理對腿部肌肉量、下肢等速肌力及跳躍表現之影響。方法:20名一般男大生隨機分爲低壓高阻力(LOHR,0.7 SBP + 70%1RM)及高壓低阻力(HOLR,1.7 SBP + 40%1RM)訓練,進行每週3次,每次5組,每組12次反覆,並於8週訓練前、後進行各項生理評估。所得數據以混合設計二因子變異數分析,比較兩組各項指標之組内及組間差異。結果:LOHR訓練後雙腿肌肉量皆顯著增加(訓練前加壓腿及無加壓腿分別爲:8.4 ± 0.89、8.5 ± 0.86;訓練後則分別爲:8.74 ± 0.88、8.7 ± 0.90 kg),而HOLR訓練則未有顯著進步之情形;兩組組間皆無顯著差異。肌酸激酶只有LOHR組在第4週顯著高於後測。兩組大腿推蹬1RM皆有顯著進步外(訓練前LOHR及HOLR分別爲:256.7 ± 76.97、267.3 ± 72.26;訓練後爲:352.2 ± 107.53、340.5 ± 87.59 kg):LOHR組的等速肌力在60°.s^(-1)及180°.s^(-1)膝屈加壓腿、180°.s(-1)膝伸無加壓腿之力矩峰值顯著優於前測;而HOLR組兩腿在60°•s^(-1)與180°•s^(-1)的膝伸及膝屈皆顯著優於前測。兩組的原地擺臂垂直跳與跨步擺臂垂直跳表现皆顯著優於前測,且組間無差異(訓練前LOHR及HOLR的原地擺臂垂直跳跳躍高度分別爲:40.6 ± 3.13、36.4 ± 5.96;訓練後爲:44.2 ± 4.73、40.6 ± 6.22 cm;訓練前騰空時間:574.9 ± 22.43、543.0 ± 44.77;訓練後爲:599.4 ± 33.11、573.0 ± 45.58 ms;訓練前跨步擺臂垂直跳跳躍高度:41.1 ± 4.12、36.7 ± 7.60;訓練後為:46.2 ± 5.79、42.5 ± 7.56 cm;訓練前騰空時間:575.2 ± 30.63、544.5 ± 58.14;訓練後:609.3 ± 41.47、586.5 ± 55.69 ms)。結論;低壓高阻訓練的腿部肌肉量顯著增加,且等速肌力於加壓腿較佳,而高壓低阻訓練的肌力表現則兩腿皆顯著進步,此外,本研究之訓練可增進跳躍表現;不過本研究發現,各變項之進步主要受到阻力運動的影響較大,而加壓效果則較爲有限。

AB - 緒論:加壓訓練是採用適當的加壓壓力結合相對低強度的運動訓練,即能達到較高強度的訓練效果;本研究之目的爲比較8週不同強度阻力訓練及加壓處理對腿部肌肉量、下肢等速肌力及跳躍表現之影響。方法:20名一般男大生隨機分爲低壓高阻力(LOHR,0.7 SBP + 70%1RM)及高壓低阻力(HOLR,1.7 SBP + 40%1RM)訓練,進行每週3次,每次5組,每組12次反覆,並於8週訓練前、後進行各項生理評估。所得數據以混合設計二因子變異數分析,比較兩組各項指標之組内及組間差異。結果:LOHR訓練後雙腿肌肉量皆顯著增加(訓練前加壓腿及無加壓腿分別爲:8.4 ± 0.89、8.5 ± 0.86;訓練後則分別爲:8.74 ± 0.88、8.7 ± 0.90 kg),而HOLR訓練則未有顯著進步之情形;兩組組間皆無顯著差異。肌酸激酶只有LOHR組在第4週顯著高於後測。兩組大腿推蹬1RM皆有顯著進步外(訓練前LOHR及HOLR分別爲:256.7 ± 76.97、267.3 ± 72.26;訓練後爲:352.2 ± 107.53、340.5 ± 87.59 kg):LOHR組的等速肌力在60°.s^(-1)及180°.s^(-1)膝屈加壓腿、180°.s(-1)膝伸無加壓腿之力矩峰值顯著優於前測;而HOLR組兩腿在60°•s^(-1)與180°•s^(-1)的膝伸及膝屈皆顯著優於前測。兩組的原地擺臂垂直跳與跨步擺臂垂直跳表现皆顯著優於前測,且組間無差異(訓練前LOHR及HOLR的原地擺臂垂直跳跳躍高度分別爲:40.6 ± 3.13、36.4 ± 5.96;訓練後爲:44.2 ± 4.73、40.6 ± 6.22 cm;訓練前騰空時間:574.9 ± 22.43、543.0 ± 44.77;訓練後爲:599.4 ± 33.11、573.0 ± 45.58 ms;訓練前跨步擺臂垂直跳跳躍高度:41.1 ± 4.12、36.7 ± 7.60;訓練後為:46.2 ± 5.79、42.5 ± 7.56 cm;訓練前騰空時間:575.2 ± 30.63、544.5 ± 58.14;訓練後:609.3 ± 41.47、586.5 ± 55.69 ms)。結論;低壓高阻訓練的腿部肌肉量顯著增加,且等速肌力於加壓腿較佳,而高壓低阻訓練的肌力表現則兩腿皆顯著進步,此外,本研究之訓練可增進跳躍表現;不過本研究發現,各變項之進步主要受到阻力運動的影響較大,而加壓效果則較爲有限。

KW - 大腿推蹬

KW - 等速肌力

KW - 跳躍表現

KW - 肌酸激酶

KW - 神經交叉遷移

KW - leg press

KW - isokinetic muscle strength

KW - jump performance

KW - creatine kinase

KW - nerve cross education

U2 - 10.3966/102472972017035001002

DO - 10.3966/102472972017035001002

M3 - 文章

VL - 50

SP - 19

EP - 32

JO - 體育學報

JF - 體育學報

SN - 1024-7297

IS - 1

ER -