The decolorization and mineralization of Acid Orange 6 azo dye in aqueous solution by advanced oxidation processes: A comparative study

Hao Jan Hsing, Pen Chi Chiang, E. E. Chang, Mei Yin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)


The comparison of different advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), i.e. ultraviolet (UV)/TiO2, O3, O3/UV, O3/UV/TiO2, Fenton and electrocoagulation (EC), is of interest to determine the best removal performance for the destruction of the target compound in an Acid Orange 6 (AO6) solution, exploring the most efficient experimental conditions as well; on the other hand, the results may provide baseline information of the combination of different AOPs in treating industrial wastewater. The following conclusions can be drawn: (1) in the effects of individual and combined ozonation and photocatalytic UV irradiation, both O3/UV and O3/UV/TiO2 processes exhibit remarkable TOC removal capability that can achieve a 65% removal efficiency at pH 7 and O3 dose = 45 mg/L; (2) the optimum pH and ratio of [H2O2]/[Fe2+] found for the Fenton process, are pH 4 and [H2O2]/[Fe2+] = 6.58. The optimum [H2O2] and [Fe2+] under the same HF value are 58.82 and 8.93 mM, respectively; (3) the optimum applied voltage found in the EC experiment is 80 V, and the initial pH will affect the AO6 and TOC removal rates in that acidic conditions may be favorable for a higher removal rate; (4) the AO6 decolorization rate ranking was obtained in the order of O3 <O3/UV = O3/UV/TiO2 <EC <Fenton; (5) the ranking of TOC removal efficiency of selected AOPs was in the order of O3 = Fenton <EC <O3/UV <O3/UV/TiO2 for 30 min of reaction time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-16
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 6 2007



  • Azo dye
  • Electrocoagulation
  • Fenton
  • Ozonation
  • TOC removal
  • UV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Health and Safety
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this