台北市牙醫診所規模之大小與其執行感染控制之相關性

Translated title of the contribution: The Correlation between the Scale of Dental Office and the Practice of Infection Control in Taipei City

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between dental office scale and the office's compliance with infection control practices, to serve as reference for policy making by associated government organizations. Proportional random sampling method was used to select 200 dental offices from the 1140 dental offices in Taipei City. Chief dentists from the selected offices were interviewed by well-trained personnel with a 34-item questionnaire that covered items such as compliance and expenses for infection control in dental procedures. One hundred eighty-one questionnaires were returned and analyzed using an SAS/PC software package. The dental offices were divided by size into small, medium and large by dental chair number (≦2,3~4,≧5 respectively). Frequency distribution was used to analyze each item of the questionnaire and the Chi-square test was used to analyze the association between dental office scale and the compliance with infection control practices. The results indicated that:(1)The percentages of large, medium and small dental offices were 7.78%,41.33%, and 50.89%; (2)65.75% of the surveyed dental offices had only one dentist in their offices, 52.49% of the offices had only one dental assistant, and 54.7% of the offices had a disinfection room; (3)Compliance rates for use of mouth mask, gloves, facial mask, and hand washing were 98.90%, 81.22%, 42.54% and 91.71%, respectively while compliance rate for use of autoclave in sterilization of handpieces was 58.56%; (4)68.51% asked for self-performing infection control, 91.71% regarded infection control as absolutely necessary and 51.93% reguarded surcharge of infection control should be paid by dental offices, governments and patient ; (5)The size of dental offices was significantly associated with the need for promoting infection control, surcharge for infection control and attendance at infection control campaigns conducted by the Dental Association, but was not significantly associated with the compliance with barrier techniques for infection control. In conclusion, the Dental Association should more actively encourage infection control education in all dental offices.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)285-296
Number of pages12
Journal中華牙醫學雜誌(中文版)
Volume18
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1999

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Dental Offices
Infection Control
Tooth
Masks
Dentists
Dental Infection Control
Dental Assistants
Hand Disinfection
Policy Making
Disinfection
Chi-Square Distribution
Compliance
Mouth
Software
Organizations

Keywords

  • 牙醫診所規模
  • 感染控制
  • Dental office scale
  • Infection control

Cite this

台北市牙醫診所規模之大小與其執行感染控制之相關性. / Cheng, Hsin-Chung; Lin, Che-Tong; Chiou, Hung-Yi; Lee, Sheng-Yang; Peng, Bou-yue; 陳時中.

In: 中華牙醫學雜誌(中文版), Vol. 18, No. 4, 12.1999, p. 285-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "台北市牙醫診所規模之大小與其執行感染控制之相關性",
abstract = "本研究目的欲了解牙醫診所規模設施與牙醫師對執行感染控制認知與態度之相關性,以作為衛生單位推廣牙醫診所感染控制之參考。研究樣本為台北市1140家牙醫診所,依其在12個行政區之分佈比率,隨機抽取200家並郵寄問卷至被抽牙醫診所,由負責醫師以無記名填寫,再由訓練過之訪視員回收問卷;問卷設計採封閉式與專家效度,內容包括牙醫診所之設施配備與人力分佈,執行牙科感染控制情形及對其收費開銷等相關事項共34題。回收問卷共計181份,回收率達90.5{\%},以 SAS/PC 套裝軟體分析,回收樣本之牙醫診所區域分佈經卡方適合度檢定與台北市牙醫診所區域分佈無顯著差異(p>0.05),研究結果如下:(1)醫治療椅台數≦2,3-4,≧5區分小、中、大型牙醫診所比率為50.89{\%}、41.33{\%}、7.78{\%}。(2)診所中只有一位牙醫師者佔65.75{\%},只有一位牙醫助理者佔54.4{\%};有消毒室者佔54.70{\%}。(3)診所內看診時帶手套、口罩、著醫師服及磨牙手機滅菌消毒比率分別為81.22{\%}、98.90{\%}、85.08{\%}及58.56{\%}。(4)68.51{\%}診所認為「自己要求」實施感染控制;91.71{\%}認為「絕對必要」實施感染控制措施;51.93{\%}之診所認為執行感染控制之額外支出應由診所、政府及病患共同負擔。(5)診所規模與其對感染控制收費看法與推動等因素具相關性(p<0.05),但與執行「控制感染」措施比率無相關性(p>0.05)。因此,加強牙醫診所執行感染控制與再教育,及強化診所內之設施乃今後公會在推動牙科感染控制之重點之一。",
keywords = "牙醫診所規模, 感染控制, Dental office scale, Infection control, 牙醫診所規模, 感染控制, Dental office scale, Infection control",
author = "Hsin-Chung Cheng and Che-Tong Lin and Hung-Yi Chiou and Sheng-Yang Lee and Bou-yue Peng and 時中 陳",
year = "1999",
month = "12",
language = "繁體中文",
volume = "18",
pages = "285--296",
journal = "中華牙醫學雜誌(中文版)",
issn = "1010-3287",
publisher = "中華牙醫學會",
number = "4",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - 台北市牙醫診所規模之大小與其執行感染控制之相關性

AU - Cheng, Hsin-Chung

AU - Lin, Che-Tong

AU - Chiou, Hung-Yi

AU - Lee, Sheng-Yang

AU - Peng, Bou-yue

AU - 陳, 時中

PY - 1999/12

Y1 - 1999/12

N2 - 本研究目的欲了解牙醫診所規模設施與牙醫師對執行感染控制認知與態度之相關性,以作為衛生單位推廣牙醫診所感染控制之參考。研究樣本為台北市1140家牙醫診所,依其在12個行政區之分佈比率,隨機抽取200家並郵寄問卷至被抽牙醫診所,由負責醫師以無記名填寫,再由訓練過之訪視員回收問卷;問卷設計採封閉式與專家效度,內容包括牙醫診所之設施配備與人力分佈,執行牙科感染控制情形及對其收費開銷等相關事項共34題。回收問卷共計181份,回收率達90.5%,以 SAS/PC 套裝軟體分析,回收樣本之牙醫診所區域分佈經卡方適合度檢定與台北市牙醫診所區域分佈無顯著差異(p>0.05),研究結果如下:(1)醫治療椅台數≦2,3-4,≧5區分小、中、大型牙醫診所比率為50.89%、41.33%、7.78%。(2)診所中只有一位牙醫師者佔65.75%,只有一位牙醫助理者佔54.4%;有消毒室者佔54.70%。(3)診所內看診時帶手套、口罩、著醫師服及磨牙手機滅菌消毒比率分別為81.22%、98.90%、85.08%及58.56%。(4)68.51%診所認為「自己要求」實施感染控制;91.71%認為「絕對必要」實施感染控制措施;51.93%之診所認為執行感染控制之額外支出應由診所、政府及病患共同負擔。(5)診所規模與其對感染控制收費看法與推動等因素具相關性(p<0.05),但與執行「控制感染」措施比率無相關性(p>0.05)。因此,加強牙醫診所執行感染控制與再教育,及強化診所內之設施乃今後公會在推動牙科感染控制之重點之一。

AB - 本研究目的欲了解牙醫診所規模設施與牙醫師對執行感染控制認知與態度之相關性,以作為衛生單位推廣牙醫診所感染控制之參考。研究樣本為台北市1140家牙醫診所,依其在12個行政區之分佈比率,隨機抽取200家並郵寄問卷至被抽牙醫診所,由負責醫師以無記名填寫,再由訓練過之訪視員回收問卷;問卷設計採封閉式與專家效度,內容包括牙醫診所之設施配備與人力分佈,執行牙科感染控制情形及對其收費開銷等相關事項共34題。回收問卷共計181份,回收率達90.5%,以 SAS/PC 套裝軟體分析,回收樣本之牙醫診所區域分佈經卡方適合度檢定與台北市牙醫診所區域分佈無顯著差異(p>0.05),研究結果如下:(1)醫治療椅台數≦2,3-4,≧5區分小、中、大型牙醫診所比率為50.89%、41.33%、7.78%。(2)診所中只有一位牙醫師者佔65.75%,只有一位牙醫助理者佔54.4%;有消毒室者佔54.70%。(3)診所內看診時帶手套、口罩、著醫師服及磨牙手機滅菌消毒比率分別為81.22%、98.90%、85.08%及58.56%。(4)68.51%診所認為「自己要求」實施感染控制;91.71%認為「絕對必要」實施感染控制措施;51.93%之診所認為執行感染控制之額外支出應由診所、政府及病患共同負擔。(5)診所規模與其對感染控制收費看法與推動等因素具相關性(p<0.05),但與執行「控制感染」措施比率無相關性(p>0.05)。因此,加強牙醫診所執行感染控制與再教育,及強化診所內之設施乃今後公會在推動牙科感染控制之重點之一。

KW - 牙醫診所規模

KW - 感染控制

KW - Dental office scale

KW - Infection control

KW - 牙醫診所規模

KW - 感染控制

KW - Dental office scale

KW - Infection control

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M3 - 文章

VL - 18

SP - 285

EP - 296

JO - 中華牙醫學雜誌(中文版)

JF - 中華牙醫學雜誌(中文版)

SN - 1010-3287

IS - 4

ER -