The correlation between the antioxidation and the antimutagenicity of carotenoids from chili against food mutagen IQ

J. Shinn-Nen, L. H. Rosa, L. Huei, T. Shun-Jen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effect of chili oleoresins extracted with eight solvents (water, methanol, ethanol, propanol, acetone, dichloromethane, diethyl ether, or n- hexane) on antioxidation and antimutagenicity were examined by linoleic acid oxidation system and Ames test. All oleoresins showed various degrees of antioxidation and antimutagenicity toward linoleic acid and IQ (2-amino-3- methylimidazo[4,5-flquinoline), separately. Among them, n-hexane oleoresin showed the strongest activity. The antioxidative and antimutagenic compounds were isolated and characterized from n-hexane oleoresin by TLC and HPLC-MS. The two major group of compounds, carotenoids and capsaicinoids, were found in n-hexane oleoresin, but only cartenoids showed significant antioxidation and antimutagenicity. Ten carotenoids were tentatively identified as β- carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, cryptocapsin, zeaxanthin, capsolutin, cis- capsanthin, altherxanthin, capsanthin, violaxanthin, and capsorubin from the isolated fourteen carotenoids. All carotenoids showed antioxidation as well as antimutagenicity (r=0.89, P < 0.05). In order to study the effective role of antioxidant on the antimutagenicity against IQ, the scavenged hydroxyl radical activity was examined. The scavenged hydroxyl radical effect of fourteen carotenoids was correlated with their antimutagenicity (r=0.78, P<0.05); cryptocapsin showed the strongest activity among them. In addition, cryptocapsin showed reduced oxidative potential toward N-hydroxyl-IQ(N-OH- IQ) from +44 mV to -30 mV, which decreased its electriphile of N-OH-IQ. Moreover, that the modifying effects of carotenoids on the mutagenicity of IQ is possible mediated through direct interaction with its active metabolite (N-OH-IQ) was demonstrated by scavenged free radicals and reduced electrophiles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-375
Number of pages19
JournalNutritional Sciences Journal
Volume23
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mutagens
Carotenoids
oleoresins
carotenoids
Food
hexane
capsanthin
Hydroxyl Radical
hydroxyl radicals
Linoleic Acid
linoleic acid
1-propanol
ethyl ether
Ames test
violaxanthin
mutagenicity
1-Propanol
zeaxanthin
methylene chloride
carotenes

Keywords

  • Antimutagenicity
  • Antioxidant
  • Carotenoids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

The correlation between the antioxidation and the antimutagenicity of carotenoids from chili against food mutagen IQ. / Shinn-Nen, J.; Rosa, L. H.; Huei, L.; Shun-Jen, T.

In: Nutritional Sciences Journal, Vol. 23, No. 4, 1998, p. 357-375.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shinn-Nen, J. ; Rosa, L. H. ; Huei, L. ; Shun-Jen, T. / The correlation between the antioxidation and the antimutagenicity of carotenoids from chili against food mutagen IQ. In: Nutritional Sciences Journal. 1998 ; Vol. 23, No. 4. pp. 357-375.
@article{0356d44d34b04b31a0b514159903d822,
title = "The correlation between the antioxidation and the antimutagenicity of carotenoids from chili against food mutagen IQ",
abstract = "The effect of chili oleoresins extracted with eight solvents (water, methanol, ethanol, propanol, acetone, dichloromethane, diethyl ether, or n- hexane) on antioxidation and antimutagenicity were examined by linoleic acid oxidation system and Ames test. All oleoresins showed various degrees of antioxidation and antimutagenicity toward linoleic acid and IQ (2-amino-3- methylimidazo[4,5-flquinoline), separately. Among them, n-hexane oleoresin showed the strongest activity. The antioxidative and antimutagenic compounds were isolated and characterized from n-hexane oleoresin by TLC and HPLC-MS. The two major group of compounds, carotenoids and capsaicinoids, were found in n-hexane oleoresin, but only cartenoids showed significant antioxidation and antimutagenicity. Ten carotenoids were tentatively identified as β- carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, cryptocapsin, zeaxanthin, capsolutin, cis- capsanthin, altherxanthin, capsanthin, violaxanthin, and capsorubin from the isolated fourteen carotenoids. All carotenoids showed antioxidation as well as antimutagenicity (r=0.89, P < 0.05). In order to study the effective role of antioxidant on the antimutagenicity against IQ, the scavenged hydroxyl radical activity was examined. The scavenged hydroxyl radical effect of fourteen carotenoids was correlated with their antimutagenicity (r=0.78, P<0.05); cryptocapsin showed the strongest activity among them. In addition, cryptocapsin showed reduced oxidative potential toward N-hydroxyl-IQ(N-OH- IQ) from +44 mV to -30 mV, which decreased its electriphile of N-OH-IQ. Moreover, that the modifying effects of carotenoids on the mutagenicity of IQ is possible mediated through direct interaction with its active metabolite (N-OH-IQ) was demonstrated by scavenged free radicals and reduced electrophiles.",
keywords = "Antimutagenicity, Antioxidant, Carotenoids",
author = "J. Shinn-Nen and Rosa, {L. H.} and L. Huei and T. Shun-Jen",
year = "1998",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "357--375",
journal = "Journal of the Chinese Nutrition Society",
issn = "1011-6958",
publisher = "臺灣營養學會",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The correlation between the antioxidation and the antimutagenicity of carotenoids from chili against food mutagen IQ

AU - Shinn-Nen, J.

AU - Rosa, L. H.

AU - Huei, L.

AU - Shun-Jen, T.

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - The effect of chili oleoresins extracted with eight solvents (water, methanol, ethanol, propanol, acetone, dichloromethane, diethyl ether, or n- hexane) on antioxidation and antimutagenicity were examined by linoleic acid oxidation system and Ames test. All oleoresins showed various degrees of antioxidation and antimutagenicity toward linoleic acid and IQ (2-amino-3- methylimidazo[4,5-flquinoline), separately. Among them, n-hexane oleoresin showed the strongest activity. The antioxidative and antimutagenic compounds were isolated and characterized from n-hexane oleoresin by TLC and HPLC-MS. The two major group of compounds, carotenoids and capsaicinoids, were found in n-hexane oleoresin, but only cartenoids showed significant antioxidation and antimutagenicity. Ten carotenoids were tentatively identified as β- carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, cryptocapsin, zeaxanthin, capsolutin, cis- capsanthin, altherxanthin, capsanthin, violaxanthin, and capsorubin from the isolated fourteen carotenoids. All carotenoids showed antioxidation as well as antimutagenicity (r=0.89, P < 0.05). In order to study the effective role of antioxidant on the antimutagenicity against IQ, the scavenged hydroxyl radical activity was examined. The scavenged hydroxyl radical effect of fourteen carotenoids was correlated with their antimutagenicity (r=0.78, P<0.05); cryptocapsin showed the strongest activity among them. In addition, cryptocapsin showed reduced oxidative potential toward N-hydroxyl-IQ(N-OH- IQ) from +44 mV to -30 mV, which decreased its electriphile of N-OH-IQ. Moreover, that the modifying effects of carotenoids on the mutagenicity of IQ is possible mediated through direct interaction with its active metabolite (N-OH-IQ) was demonstrated by scavenged free radicals and reduced electrophiles.

AB - The effect of chili oleoresins extracted with eight solvents (water, methanol, ethanol, propanol, acetone, dichloromethane, diethyl ether, or n- hexane) on antioxidation and antimutagenicity were examined by linoleic acid oxidation system and Ames test. All oleoresins showed various degrees of antioxidation and antimutagenicity toward linoleic acid and IQ (2-amino-3- methylimidazo[4,5-flquinoline), separately. Among them, n-hexane oleoresin showed the strongest activity. The antioxidative and antimutagenic compounds were isolated and characterized from n-hexane oleoresin by TLC and HPLC-MS. The two major group of compounds, carotenoids and capsaicinoids, were found in n-hexane oleoresin, but only cartenoids showed significant antioxidation and antimutagenicity. Ten carotenoids were tentatively identified as β- carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, cryptocapsin, zeaxanthin, capsolutin, cis- capsanthin, altherxanthin, capsanthin, violaxanthin, and capsorubin from the isolated fourteen carotenoids. All carotenoids showed antioxidation as well as antimutagenicity (r=0.89, P < 0.05). In order to study the effective role of antioxidant on the antimutagenicity against IQ, the scavenged hydroxyl radical activity was examined. The scavenged hydroxyl radical effect of fourteen carotenoids was correlated with their antimutagenicity (r=0.78, P<0.05); cryptocapsin showed the strongest activity among them. In addition, cryptocapsin showed reduced oxidative potential toward N-hydroxyl-IQ(N-OH- IQ) from +44 mV to -30 mV, which decreased its electriphile of N-OH-IQ. Moreover, that the modifying effects of carotenoids on the mutagenicity of IQ is possible mediated through direct interaction with its active metabolite (N-OH-IQ) was demonstrated by scavenged free radicals and reduced electrophiles.

KW - Antimutagenicity

KW - Antioxidant

KW - Carotenoids

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032465985&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032465985&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0032465985

VL - 23

SP - 357

EP - 375

JO - Journal of the Chinese Nutrition Society

JF - Journal of the Chinese Nutrition Society

SN - 1011-6958

IS - 4

ER -