The classification and treatment algorithm for post-burn cervical contractures reconstructed with free flaps

Feng Chou Tsai, Samir Mardini, Da Jeng Chen, Jui yung Yang, Ming Shium Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neck contractures after burn produce restrictions in motion and unacceptable aesthetic outcomes. Proper planning and tissue selection is essential to minimize donor site morbidity while optimizing outcomes. A classification system and treatment algorithm aids in achieving this goal. Between December 1999 and January 2003, 40 burn patients underwent release and reconstruction with free perforator flaps. Neck extensibility and zone of injury were evaluated. Choice of reconstruction was based on available tissue, restriction degree and zones involved. Cervical territories were classified according to movement restrictions and amount of improvement. Reconstructive territories were classified as central above (CA), central below (CB), central above and below (CAB) and lateral (L). Single, split, double and preexpanded free flaps were used for the reconstructions. Maximal gain in motion was noted at 4 weeks and maintained for the average 11 months follow-up. Types of reconstructive territories showed significant effects on range of motion while etiology and time between injury and reconstruction showed no impact on the functional outcome. Classification of neck territories aids in improving outcomes while minimizing donor morbidity. The central above territory, when reconstructed with free flaps, yielded the most rewarding improvement. A classification and treatment algorithm aids in achieving significant improvements in range of neck motion while taking into consideration the donor sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626-633
Number of pages8
JournalBurns
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006

Fingerprint

Free Tissue Flaps
Contracture
Burns
Neck
Tissue Donors
Articular Range of Motion
Perforator Flap
Morbidity
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics
Esthetics

Keywords

  • Burns
  • Contracture
  • Free flaps
  • Microsurgery
  • Perforator flap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

The classification and treatment algorithm for post-burn cervical contractures reconstructed with free flaps. / Tsai, Feng Chou; Mardini, Samir; Chen, Da Jeng; Yang, Jui yung; Hsieh, Ming Shium.

In: Burns, Vol. 32, No. 5, 08.2006, p. 626-633.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsai, Feng Chou ; Mardini, Samir ; Chen, Da Jeng ; Yang, Jui yung ; Hsieh, Ming Shium. / The classification and treatment algorithm for post-burn cervical contractures reconstructed with free flaps. In: Burns. 2006 ; Vol. 32, No. 5. pp. 626-633.
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