The Chinese Herbal Mixture Tien-Hsien Liquid Augments the Anticancer Immunity in Tumor Cell-Vaccinated Mice

Pei Ming Yang, Jia Ling Du, George Nian Kae Wang, Jean San Chia, Wei Bin Hsu, Pin Ching Pu, Andy Sun, Chun Pin Chiang, Won Bo Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. The Chinese herbal mixture, Tien-Hsien liquid (THL), has been used as an anticancer dietary supplement for more than 20 years. Our previous studies have shown that THL can modulate immune responseand inhibit tumor growth. In this study, we further evaluated the effect of THL on anticancer immune response in mice vaccinated with γ-ray-irradiated tumor cells. Methods. The antitumor effect of THL was determined in mice vaccinated with low-tumorigenic CT-26-low colon cancer cells or γ-ray-irradiated high-tumorigenic CT-26-high colon cancer cells. The number of natural killer (NK) cells and T lymphocytes in the spleen was analyzed by flow cytometry. The tumor-killing activities of NK cells and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) were analyzed by flow cytometry using YAC-1 and CT-26-high cells, respectively, as target cells. The levels of IFN-γ, IL-2, and TNF-α were determined by ELISA. Results. THL suppressed the growth of CT-26-high tumor in mice previously vaccinated with low-tumorigenic CT-26-low cells or γ-irradiated CT-26-high cells. THL increased the populations of NK cells and CD4+ T lymphocytes in the spleen and enhanced the tumor-killing activities of NK cells and CTL in mice vaccinated with γ-irradiated CT-26-high cells. THL increased the production of IFN-γ, IL-2, and TNF-α in mice vaccinated with γ-irradiated CT-26-high cells. Conclusion. THL can enhance the antitumor immune responses in mice vaccinated with killed tumor cells. These results suggest that THL may be used as a complementary medicine for cancer patients previously treated with killed tumor cell vaccines, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-328
Number of pages10
JournalIntegrative Cancer Therapies
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

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Immunity
Neoplasms
Natural Killer Cells
Cytotoxic T-Lymphocytes
Colonic Neoplasms
Interleukin-2
Flow Cytometry
tien-hsien liquid
Spleen
T-Lymphocytes
Inactivated Vaccines
Cancer Vaccines
Complementary Therapies
Growth
Dietary Supplements
Radiotherapy
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Drug Therapy

Keywords

  • anticancer immunity
  • cytotoxic T lymphocyte
  • herbal mixture
  • interferon-γ
  • interleukin-2
  • natural killer cell
  • Tien-Hsien liquid
  • tumor necrosis factor α
  • tumor suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

The Chinese Herbal Mixture Tien-Hsien Liquid Augments the Anticancer Immunity in Tumor Cell-Vaccinated Mice. / Yang, Pei Ming; Du, Jia Ling; Wang, George Nian Kae; Chia, Jean San; Hsu, Wei Bin; Pu, Pin Ching; Sun, Andy; Chiang, Chun Pin; Wang, Won Bo.

In: Integrative Cancer Therapies, Vol. 16, No. 3, 01.09.2017, p. 319-328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yang, Pei Ming ; Du, Jia Ling ; Wang, George Nian Kae ; Chia, Jean San ; Hsu, Wei Bin ; Pu, Pin Ching ; Sun, Andy ; Chiang, Chun Pin ; Wang, Won Bo. / The Chinese Herbal Mixture Tien-Hsien Liquid Augments the Anticancer Immunity in Tumor Cell-Vaccinated Mice. In: Integrative Cancer Therapies. 2017 ; Vol. 16, No. 3. pp. 319-328.
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AU - Chia, Jean San

AU - Hsu, Wei Bin

AU - Pu, Pin Ching

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AU - Chiang, Chun Pin

AU - Wang, Won Bo

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AB - Background. The Chinese herbal mixture, Tien-Hsien liquid (THL), has been used as an anticancer dietary supplement for more than 20 years. Our previous studies have shown that THL can modulate immune responseand inhibit tumor growth. In this study, we further evaluated the effect of THL on anticancer immune response in mice vaccinated with γ-ray-irradiated tumor cells. Methods. The antitumor effect of THL was determined in mice vaccinated with low-tumorigenic CT-26-low colon cancer cells or γ-ray-irradiated high-tumorigenic CT-26-high colon cancer cells. The number of natural killer (NK) cells and T lymphocytes in the spleen was analyzed by flow cytometry. The tumor-killing activities of NK cells and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) were analyzed by flow cytometry using YAC-1 and CT-26-high cells, respectively, as target cells. The levels of IFN-γ, IL-2, and TNF-α were determined by ELISA. Results. THL suppressed the growth of CT-26-high tumor in mice previously vaccinated with low-tumorigenic CT-26-low cells or γ-irradiated CT-26-high cells. THL increased the populations of NK cells and CD4+ T lymphocytes in the spleen and enhanced the tumor-killing activities of NK cells and CTL in mice vaccinated with γ-irradiated CT-26-high cells. THL increased the production of IFN-γ, IL-2, and TNF-α in mice vaccinated with γ-irradiated CT-26-high cells. Conclusion. THL can enhance the antitumor immune responses in mice vaccinated with killed tumor cells. These results suggest that THL may be used as a complementary medicine for cancer patients previously treated with killed tumor cell vaccines, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy.

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