Objective: To analyze how acupuncture therapy affects balance in patients experiencing their first stroke and to identify the stroke group with greatest improvement in balance after acupuncture intervention. Design: Retrospective case-control study. Setting: Ward of a medical university hospital. Participants: A total of 629 stroke patients were enrolled initially; 345 patients met the study criteria and 132 were analyzed (66 each in the study and control groups). Interventions: The study group received physiotherapy combined with acupuncture and the control group received only physiotherapy. Main outcome measures: The Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke patients (PASS) was used to evaluate balance. This balance scale system can be subdivided into static balance (PASS-MP, maintain posture) and dynamic balance (PASS-CP, change posture). Results: This study revealed no statistically significant improvement of balance in the study group (t test). When patients with high Brunnstrom stage (Br stage) and low Br stage were analyzed separately, once again no statistical difference was detected between the study and control groups of those with high Br stage. However, among low-Br stage patients, the study group showed significant improvement in static balance (mean PASS-MP score±standard deviation: 4.7±3.7) compared with the control group (PASS-MP score: 2.8±2.7) (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)618-622
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Medicine(all)


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