The association between dietary patterns and semen quality in a general Asian population of 7282 Males

Chin Yu Liu, Yu Ching Chou, Jane C J Chao, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Tai Lung Cha, Chih Wei Tsao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To explore the associations between different dietary patterns and semen quality in a general Asian male population. Methods Cross-sectional study. Healthy Taiwanese men aged 18 years or older who participated in a standard medical screening program from 2008-2013 run by a private firm were included in this study. Semen parameters including sperm concentration (SC), total sperm motility (TSM), progressive motility (PRM) and normal sperm morphology (NSM) were recorded. A dietary questionnaire was used to categorize the participants into 5 groups: "Healthy diet", "Western diet", "High-carbohydrate diet", "High sweet snacks & sugar-sweetened drinks" and "High-sodium diet". Results A total of 7282 men completed the questionnaire regarding dietary pattern, and examination of anthropometric indexes was performed and laboratory data were obtained. A high intake of a "Western diet" resulted in statistically linear declines of SC and NSM (P <0.001 and P <0.001). Similarly, a greater intake of "High sweet snacks & sugar-sweetened drinks" was associated with a lower SC (P = 0.001). Increased intake of a "High-carbohydrate diet" was related to higher prevalences of abnormal TSM and PRM (P = 0.012 and P = 0.025). Similarly, a greater intake of a "High-sodium diet" was correlated with an elevated prevalence of abnormal NSM (P = 0.035). Conclusions This study showed that a greater intake of a "Western diet" is associated with poorer SC and NSM, a "High sweet snacks and sugar-sweetened drinks" intake is correlated with a lower SC, and high-carbohydrate food is related to elevated prevalences of abnormal TSM and PRM.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0134224
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 28 2015

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Semen Analysis
sperm concentration
Nutrition
eating habits
Spermatozoa
semen
high sodium diet
snacks
sperm motility
spermatozoa
Sperm Motility
high carbohydrate diet
Snacks
Population
sugars
Sugars
Diet
questionnaires
Carbohydrates
healthy diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The association between dietary patterns and semen quality in a general Asian population of 7282 Males. / Liu, Chin Yu; Chou, Yu Ching; Chao, Jane C J; Hsu, Chien-Yeh; Cha, Tai Lung; Tsao, Chih Wei.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 10, No. 7, e0134224, 28.07.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, Chin Yu ; Chou, Yu Ching ; Chao, Jane C J ; Hsu, Chien-Yeh ; Cha, Tai Lung ; Tsao, Chih Wei. / The association between dietary patterns and semen quality in a general Asian population of 7282 Males. In: PLoS One. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 7.
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AB - Objective To explore the associations between different dietary patterns and semen quality in a general Asian male population. Methods Cross-sectional study. Healthy Taiwanese men aged 18 years or older who participated in a standard medical screening program from 2008-2013 run by a private firm were included in this study. Semen parameters including sperm concentration (SC), total sperm motility (TSM), progressive motility (PRM) and normal sperm morphology (NSM) were recorded. A dietary questionnaire was used to categorize the participants into 5 groups: "Healthy diet", "Western diet", "High-carbohydrate diet", "High sweet snacks & sugar-sweetened drinks" and "High-sodium diet". Results A total of 7282 men completed the questionnaire regarding dietary pattern, and examination of anthropometric indexes was performed and laboratory data were obtained. A high intake of a "Western diet" resulted in statistically linear declines of SC and NSM (P <0.001 and P <0.001). Similarly, a greater intake of "High sweet snacks & sugar-sweetened drinks" was associated with a lower SC (P = 0.001). Increased intake of a "High-carbohydrate diet" was related to higher prevalences of abnormal TSM and PRM (P = 0.012 and P = 0.025). Similarly, a greater intake of a "High-sodium diet" was correlated with an elevated prevalence of abnormal NSM (P = 0.035). Conclusions This study showed that a greater intake of a "Western diet" is associated with poorer SC and NSM, a "High sweet snacks and sugar-sweetened drinks" intake is correlated with a lower SC, and high-carbohydrate food is related to elevated prevalences of abnormal TSM and PRM.

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