The association between clinical diagnostic factors and the prevalence of vertical root fracture in endodontic surgery

Wi Kiong See, Jung Chun Ho, Chiung Fang Huang, Wei Chiang Hung, Chun Wei Chang

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Diagnosis of vertical root fractures (VRFs) can often be challenging due to the similarity of signs and symptoms with other common dental infectious diseases. This study was aimed at evaluating the potential relationship between VRFs and commonly used clinical diagnostic factors. Methods: 330 root-filled teeth with endodontic failures were subjected to endodontic microsurgery over a six-year period. VRFs were identified in 61 teeth. A randomly age- and sex-matched retrospective case-control study was conducted on a subset of 59 root-filled teeth with VRFs (cases) and 177 root-filled teeth without VRFs (controls). The strength of association between preoperative signs and radiographic findings and VRFs was evaluated using logistic regression model. Results: Sinus tract, periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, periodontal swelling or abscess, and radiological image of J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency were significantly more frequent in cases than in controls (p < 0.05). With regard to logistic regression analysis, J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency demonstrated the greatest association with VRF, followed by periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, sinus tract, and periodontal swelling or abscess. Approximately 70% of cases manifested themselves as combinations of at least two of these factors. Teeth having two and three or four of these factors had 3.14 times and 11.64 times higher risks for the presentations of VRFs, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The major risk for VRFs was represented by those presenting radiological image of J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency, periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, sinus tract, and periodontal swelling or abscess simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Periodontal Pocket
Tooth Root
Endodontics
Abscess
Logistic Models
Tooth
Stomatognathic Diseases
Microsurgery
Signs and Symptoms
Communicable Diseases
Case-Control Studies
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Diagnostic factor
  • Endodontic failures
  • Microsurgery
  • Root-filled
  • Vertical root fractures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "The association between clinical diagnostic factors and the prevalence of vertical root fracture in endodontic surgery",
abstract = "Background/Purpose: Diagnosis of vertical root fractures (VRFs) can often be challenging due to the similarity of signs and symptoms with other common dental infectious diseases. This study was aimed at evaluating the potential relationship between VRFs and commonly used clinical diagnostic factors. Methods: 330 root-filled teeth with endodontic failures were subjected to endodontic microsurgery over a six-year period. VRFs were identified in 61 teeth. A randomly age- and sex-matched retrospective case-control study was conducted on a subset of 59 root-filled teeth with VRFs (cases) and 177 root-filled teeth without VRFs (controls). The strength of association between preoperative signs and radiographic findings and VRFs was evaluated using logistic regression model. Results: Sinus tract, periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, periodontal swelling or abscess, and radiological image of J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency were significantly more frequent in cases than in controls (p < 0.05). With regard to logistic regression analysis, J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency demonstrated the greatest association with VRF, followed by periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, sinus tract, and periodontal swelling or abscess. Approximately 70{\%} of cases manifested themselves as combinations of at least two of these factors. Teeth having two and three or four of these factors had 3.14 times and 11.64 times higher risks for the presentations of VRFs, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The major risk for VRFs was represented by those presenting radiological image of J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency, periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, sinus tract, and periodontal swelling or abscess simultaneously.",
keywords = "Diagnostic factor, Endodontic failures, Microsurgery, Root-filled, Vertical root fractures",
author = "See, {Wi Kiong} and Ho, {Jung Chun} and Huang, {Chiung Fang} and Hung, {Wei Chiang} and Chang, {Chun Wei}",
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AU - Ho, Jung Chun

AU - Huang, Chiung Fang

AU - Hung, Wei Chiang

AU - Chang, Chun Wei

PY - 2019/3/1

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N2 - Background/Purpose: Diagnosis of vertical root fractures (VRFs) can often be challenging due to the similarity of signs and symptoms with other common dental infectious diseases. This study was aimed at evaluating the potential relationship between VRFs and commonly used clinical diagnostic factors. Methods: 330 root-filled teeth with endodontic failures were subjected to endodontic microsurgery over a six-year period. VRFs were identified in 61 teeth. A randomly age- and sex-matched retrospective case-control study was conducted on a subset of 59 root-filled teeth with VRFs (cases) and 177 root-filled teeth without VRFs (controls). The strength of association between preoperative signs and radiographic findings and VRFs was evaluated using logistic regression model. Results: Sinus tract, periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, periodontal swelling or abscess, and radiological image of J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency were significantly more frequent in cases than in controls (p < 0.05). With regard to logistic regression analysis, J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency demonstrated the greatest association with VRF, followed by periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, sinus tract, and periodontal swelling or abscess. Approximately 70% of cases manifested themselves as combinations of at least two of these factors. Teeth having two and three or four of these factors had 3.14 times and 11.64 times higher risks for the presentations of VRFs, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The major risk for VRFs was represented by those presenting radiological image of J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency, periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, sinus tract, and periodontal swelling or abscess simultaneously.

AB - Background/Purpose: Diagnosis of vertical root fractures (VRFs) can often be challenging due to the similarity of signs and symptoms with other common dental infectious diseases. This study was aimed at evaluating the potential relationship between VRFs and commonly used clinical diagnostic factors. Methods: 330 root-filled teeth with endodontic failures were subjected to endodontic microsurgery over a six-year period. VRFs were identified in 61 teeth. A randomly age- and sex-matched retrospective case-control study was conducted on a subset of 59 root-filled teeth with VRFs (cases) and 177 root-filled teeth without VRFs (controls). The strength of association between preoperative signs and radiographic findings and VRFs was evaluated using logistic regression model. Results: Sinus tract, periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, periodontal swelling or abscess, and radiological image of J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency were significantly more frequent in cases than in controls (p < 0.05). With regard to logistic regression analysis, J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency demonstrated the greatest association with VRF, followed by periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, sinus tract, and periodontal swelling or abscess. Approximately 70% of cases manifested themselves as combinations of at least two of these factors. Teeth having two and three or four of these factors had 3.14 times and 11.64 times higher risks for the presentations of VRFs, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The major risk for VRFs was represented by those presenting radiological image of J-shaped or “halo” radiolucency, periodontal pocket depth ≥5 mm, sinus tract, and periodontal swelling or abscess simultaneously.

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