The association between arsenic exposure from drinking water and arterial embolism and thrombosis in Northeastern Taiwan: Preliminary results

Ling I. Hsu, Chien Jen Chen, Hung Yi Chiou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Arsenic exposure is an important public health issue worldwide. However, the association of arsenic exposure with diverse health effects at low-to-moderate level remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study is to elucidate the dose-response relationship between ingested arsenic and vascular occlusions for low-to-moderate level. A total of 7,359 residents in northeastern arseniasis-endemic areas in Taiwan were followed from 1998 to 2009. The disease status of each subject was ascertained through linkage with computerized Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) database. Cox regression analysis was used to determine the hazard ratio of the disease associated with arsenic concentration in well water. There were 267 newly diagnosed arterial embolism and thrombosis cases during a follow-up period of 76,180 person-years. The crude incidence rate (per 10,000 person-years) was 249, 375, 320, 467, 449 and 496 respectively in arsenic level of ≤ 10.0, 10.1-25.0, 25.0-50.0, 50.1-100.0, 100.1-400.0 and > 400.0 μg/L. The hazard ratio was 1.55 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.02-2.36), 1.34 (95% CI, 0.87-2.08), 1.76 (95% CI, 1.18-2.70), 1.77 (95% CI, 1.19-2.62) and 2.23 (95% CI, 1.37-3.64) in arsenic level from 10.1-25.0 to >400.0 when compared to arsenic level ≤ 10.0 μg/L after adjustment of age, sex, education level, cigarette smoking, hypertension, diabetes and hyperlipidemia. We concluded that there was a monotonous trend between arsenic concentration in well water and risk of arterial embolism and thrombosis. The significant increased disease risk can be observed in arsenic level as low as 10.1-25.0 μg/L.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnderstanding the Geological and Medical Interface of Arsenic, As 2012 - 4th International Congress: Arsenic in the Environment
Pages153-154
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event4th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment, As 2012 - Cairns, QLD, Australia
Duration: Jul 22 2012Jul 27 2012

Other

Other4th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment, As 2012
CountryAustralia
CityCairns, QLD
Period7/22/127/27/12

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

Cite this

Hsu, L. I., Chen, C. J., & Chiou, H. Y. (2012). The association between arsenic exposure from drinking water and arterial embolism and thrombosis in Northeastern Taiwan: Preliminary results. In Understanding the Geological and Medical Interface of Arsenic, As 2012 - 4th International Congress: Arsenic in the Environment (pp. 153-154)