The 10-Year Follow-Up Check for Hypertensive Children Found in Mass Urine Screening Program in Taiwan: A Case-Control Study

Chien Chang Liao1, Ta Chen Su, Kuo Liong Chien, Yuan The Lee, Fung Chang Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: This study investigated the outcome of childhood hypertension among children urine screened positive for proteinuria, glucosuria and/or hematuria. Methods: Between 1992 and 2000, an islandwide mass urine screening program for proteinuria, glucosuria, and hematuria was conducted annually for all students aged 6-18 years in Taiwan Province. Among 732 students also found to be hypertensive in Taipei County, 164 were invited for a follow-up check in 2006 for their present health status. They were compared with 97 good-friend controls (invited by cases) for blood pressure, anthropometric and lipid measures, etc. Results: Compared with controls, cases were younger but had greater body mass index, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, blood pressure, and lipidemia prevalence. The stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that cases were at greater risk than controls for chronic disease (odds ratio [OR]=3.27 (95% confidence interval [CI]=1.17-9.12), low high-density lipoprotein (OR=1.76, 95% CI=1.01-3.09), pre-hypertension (OR=2.97, 95% CI=1.43-6.15), and greater waist to hip ratio (OR=6.46, 95% CI=1.87-22.3). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that children screened with hypertension remain at elevated risk of having chronic disease and risk factors associated with hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Arrhythmia
Publication statusPublished - 2011



  • body mass index
  • hypertension
  • urine screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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