Tetrac downregulates β-catenin and HMGA2 to promote the effect of resveratrol in colon cancer

André Wendindondé Nana, Yu Tang Chin, Chi Yu Lin, Yih Ho, James A. Bennett, Ya Jung Shih, Yi Ru Chen, Chun A. Changou, Jens Z. Pedersen, Sandra Incerpi, Leroy F. Liu, Jacqueline Whang-Peng, Earl Fu, Wen Shan Li, Shaker A. Mousa, Hung Yun Lin, Paul J. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The molecular pathogenesis of colorectal cancer encompasses the activation of several oncogenic signaling pathways that include the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and the overexpression of high mobility group protein A2 (HMGA2). Resveratrol - the polyphenolic phytoalexin - binds to integrin αvβ3 to induce apoptosis in cancer cells via cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) nuclear accumulation and p53-dependent apoptosis. Tetraiodothyroacetic acid (tetrac) is a de-aminated derivative of l-thyroxine (T4), which - in contrast to the parental hormone - impairs cancer cell proliferation. In the current study, we found that tetrac promoted resveratrol-induced anti-proliferation in colon cancer cell lines, in primary cultures of colon cancer cells, and in vivo. The mechanisms implicated in this action involved the downregulation of nuclear β-catenin and HMGA2, which are capable of compromising resveratrol-induced COX-2 nuclear translocation. Silencing of either β-catenin or HMGA2 promoted resveratrol-induced anti-proliferation and COX-2 nuclear accumulation which is essential for integrin αvβ3-mediatedresveratrol- induced apoptosis in cancer cells. Concurrently, tetrac enhanced nuclear abundance of chibby family member 1, the nuclear β-catenin antagonist, which may further compromise the nuclear β-catenin-dependent gene expression and proliferation. Taken together, these results suggest that tetrac targets β-catenin and HMGA2 to promote resveratrol-induced-anti-proliferation in colon cancers, highlighting its potential in anti-cancer combination therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-293
Number of pages15
JournalEndocrine-Related Cancer
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancers
  • HMGA2
  • Resveratrol
  • Tetraiodothyroacetic acid
  • β-catenin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Oncology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cancer Research

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