Tanshinone IIA attenuates angiotensin II-induced apoptosis via Akt pathway in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes

Hong Jye Hong, Ju Chi Liu, Tzu-Hurng Cheng, Paul Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To examine the effects of tanshinone IIA, the main effective component of Salvia miltiorrhiza (known as 'Danshen' in traditional Chinese medicine) on angiotensin II (Ang II)-mediated cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Methods: Rat neonatal cardiomyocytes were primarily cultured with Ang II or Ang II plus tanshinone IIA. Myocyte apoptosis was evaluated by caspase-3 activity and DNA strand break level with TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining. Western blot analysis was employed to determine the related protein expression and flow cytometry assay was used to determine the TUNEL positive cells and the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. SiRNA targeted to Akt was used. Results: Ang II (0.1 μmol/L) remarkably increased caspase-3 activity, TUNEL positive cells, and cleaved caspase-3 and cytochrome c expression, but reduced Bcl-XL) expression. These effects were effectively antagonized by pretreatment with tanshione IIA (1-3 μmol/L). Tanshinone IIA had no effect on basal ROS level, while attenuated the ROS production by Ang II. Interestingly, tanshione IIA significantly increased the phosphorylated Akt level, which was countered by the PI3K antagonist wortmannin or LY294002. Knockdown of Akt with Akt siRNA significantly reduced Akt protein levels and tanshinone IIA protective effect. Conclusion: Tanshinone IIA prevents Ang II-induced apoptosis, thereby suggesting that tanshinone IIA may be used for the prevention of the cardiac remodeling process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1569-1575
Number of pages7
JournalActa Pharmacologica Sinica
Volume31
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

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Cardiac Myocytes
Angiotensin II
Apoptosis
Caspase 3
Salvia miltiorrhiza
Reactive Oxygen Species
2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one
DNA Breaks
Chinese Traditional Medicine
Cytochromes c
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
Muscle Cells
Small Interfering RNA
tanshinone
Flow Cytometry
Proteins
Western Blotting
Staining and Labeling

Keywords

  • Akt
  • angiotensin II
  • apoptosis
  • caspase 3
  • neonatal cardiomyocytes
  • reactive oxygen species
  • tanshinone IIA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Tanshinone IIA attenuates angiotensin II-induced apoptosis via Akt pathway in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. / Hong, Hong Jye; Liu, Ju Chi; Cheng, Tzu-Hurng; Chan, Paul.

In: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica, Vol. 31, No. 12, 12.2010, p. 1569-1575.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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