Taiwan's traffic control bundle and the elimination of nosocomial severe acute respiratory syndrome among healthcare workers

M. Y. Yen, Y. E. Lin, C. H. Lee, M. S. Ho, F. Y. Huang, S. C. Chang, Y. C. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The traffic control bundle consists of procedures designed to help prevent epidemic nosocomial infection. We retrospectively studied the serial infection control measures to determine factors most effective in preventing nosocomial infections of healthcare workers (HCWs) during the 2003 Taiwanese severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic. Fever screening stations, triage of fever patients, separating SARS patients from other patients, separation of entrances and passageways between patients and HCWs, and increasing hand-washing facilities all demonstrated a protective effect for HCWs (univariate analysis; P<0.05). By multiple logistic regression: (i) checkpoint alcohol dispensers for glove-on hand rubbing between zones of risk, and (ii) fever screening at the fever screen station outside the emergency department, were the significant methods effectively minimising nosocomial SARS infection of HCWs (P<0.05). The traffic control bundle should be implemented in future epidemics as a tool to achieve strict infection control measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-337
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hospital Infection
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Nosocomial infection
  • Personal protective equipment
  • SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome)
  • SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV)
  • Taiwan
  • Traffic control bundle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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