Synthesis and biological evaluation of anthra[1,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one scaffold derivatives as potential anticancer agents

Tsung Chih Chen, Jih Hwa Guh, Hui Wen Hsu, Chun Liang Chen, Chia Chung Lee, Chia Lun Wu, Yu Ru Lee, Jing Jer Lin, Dah Shyong Yu, Hsu Shan Huang

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Several anthrapyrazolone derivatives derived from 7-chloroanthra[1,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one and 7-chloro-2-(2-hydroxyethyl)anthra[1,9-cd] pyrazol-6(2H)-one have been prepared by the addition or substitution nucleophilic reactions and further transformed into extended tetracyclic systems and fused to different nitrogenheterocyclic rings into the pharmacophore structure moiety. The compounds synthesized were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity and telomerase activity in prostate cancer cell line by SRB assay and in human non-small cell lung carcinoma cell line by TRAP assay, respectively. Compounds 1-6, 13, 14, 16, 17, 19, 21, 23, 28 and 31 were selected by the NCI and only 1, 4, and 16 represent the GI50, TGI and LC50, respectively. Among them, 1 and 16 exhibited distinctive selectivity of GI50 of 10.498μM and 4.542μM over 60 cell lines which is better than the average GI50 (20.3μM) for SP600125 (NSC75890). Overall, the test compounds exhibited different telomerase and cytotoxic activities and only few compounds displayed antitumor activity in the low range.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArabian Journal of Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2015



  • Anthrapyrazolone
  • Antiproliferation
  • Cytotoxicity
  • NCI 60-cell panel assay
  • SRB assay
  • TRAP assay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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