Synergistic interaction of dietary pattern and concordance lifestyle with abnormal liver function among young adults in Taiwan: A population-based longitudinal study

Rathi Paramastri, Chien Yeh Hsu, Yung Kun Chuang, Hsiu An Lee, Bayu Satria Wiratama, Jane C.J. Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

While diet and lifestyle are independently implicated in the etiology of liver disease, the interaction of diet and lifestyle may be more helpful for determining the risk of liver abnormality. Thus, our study aimed to evaluate the interaction between the dietary pattern associated with liver biomarkers and lifestyle factors among Taiwanese adults with abnormal liver enzymes. A liver-associated dietary pattern, generated using reduced rank regression, was characterized by high intake of soy sauce or other dips, sugar sweetened beverages, and preserved and processed foods, but low intake of seafood, fruits, eggs, and dark-colored vegetables. In the fully adjusted model, liver-associated dietary patterns or unhealthy concordance lifestyle factors were associated with an increased risk of having liver function abnormality (OR = 1.08, 95% CI: 1.04, 1.12 and OR = 1.42, 95% CI: 1.31, 1.53, respectively). Moreover, the interaction between liver-associated dietary pattern and unhealthy concordance lifestyle factors showed more significant correlation, with an elevated risk of abnormal liver function (OR = 2.14, 95% CI: 2.02, 2.26). Therefore, our study suggests that participants who have a strong liver-associated dietary pattern along with unhealthy concordance lifestyles are likely to have increased odds of abnormal liver function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3591
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Adults
  • Alcohol drinking
  • Body mass index
  • Dietary pattern
  • Liver function
  • Physical activity
  • Reduced rank regression
  • Sleep
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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