(1) Background: This study aimed to determine the postoperative vermillion symmetry between the cleft and non-cleft sides of patients with unilateral cleft lip during the early and late postoperative periods. (2) Methods: 57 patients with complete and 38 with incomplete unilateral cleft lips operated on between 2010 and 2014 were retrospectively evaluated within 1 month (T1), 9 months to 1 ½ years (T2), and more than 4 years (T3). Vermilion heights of the cleft and non-cleft sides were measured from frontal photographs. The Cleft Lip Component Symmetry Index (CLCSI) was used to determine the symmetry of the cleft and non-cleft sides and was then analyzed. (3) Results: Among the 95 patients studied, vermilion height was excessive on the cleft side throughout the three time periods. There was a significant increase in CLCSI from T1 to T2 for both complete and incomplete types, and a significant increase from T1 to T3 only in the incomplete group and no difference from T2 to T3 for both the groups. (4) Conclusions: Even with efforts to obtain a symmetric vermilion height during the primary cheiloplasty, vermilion height excess was noted with time in complete and incomplete cleft types. Secondary revisional vermilion surgery may be performed to achieve symmetry.
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2022|
- modified rotation advancement cheiloplasty
- unilateral cleft lip repair
- vermillion height
- vermillion length
ASJC Scopus subject areas