Abstract

Phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2) has been known to serve as a substrate for phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC), which can produce PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3) and diacylglycerol (DAG), respectively. In this study, we elucidated the role of PI-PLC during the LPS-activated mouse macrophages RAW264.7 treated with PI3K inhibitor wortmannin. First, wortmannin treatment enhanced Ins(1,4,5)P3 production and iNOS expression in LPS-activated macrophages. Inhibition of PI3K by p85 siRNA also showed an enhancement of iNOS expression. On the other hand, overexpression of PI3K by ras-p110 expression plasmid significantly decreased iNOS expression in LPS-activated macrophages. In addition, overexpression of wild-type or dominant-negative Akt expression plasmid did not affect the iNOS expression in LPS-activated macrophages. Second, treatment of PI-PLC inhibitor U73122 reversed the enhancement of iNOS expression, the increase of phosphorylation level of ERK, JNK and p38, and the increase of AP-1-dependent gene expression in wortmannin-treated and LPS-activated macrophages. However, NF-κB activity determined by EMSA assay and reporter plasmid assay did not change during LPS-activated macrophages with or without wortmannin. We propose that the inhibition of PI3K by wortmannin in mouse macrophages enhances the PI-PLC downstream signals, and subsequently increases the LPS induction of iNOS expression independently of Akt pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-879
Number of pages11
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1773
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Inducible nitric oxide synthase
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase
  • Phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C
  • Wortmannin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biophysics

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