Sustained local delivery of high-concentration vancomycin from a hybrid biodegradable, antibiotic-eluting, nanofiber-loaded endovascular prosthesis for treatment of mycotic aortic aneurysms

Kuo Sheng Liu, Cheng Hung Lee, Demei Lee, Michelle Liu, Feng Chun Tsai, Yuan Yun Tseng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Endovascular repair for mycotic aortic aneurysm (MAA) is a less invasive alternative to open surgery, although the placement of a stent graft in an infected environment remains controversial. In this study, we developed hybrid biodegradable, vancomycin-eluting, nanofiber-loaded endovascular prostheses and evaluated antibiotic release from the endovascular prostheses both in vitro and in vivo. Methods: Poly(D,L)-lactide-co-glycolide and vancomycin were dissolved in 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol. This solution was electrospun into nanofibrous tubes, which were mounted onto commercial vascular stents and endovascular aortic stent grafts. In vitro antibiotic release from the nanofibers was characterized using an elution method and high-performance liquid chromatography. Antibiotic release from the hybrid stent graft was analyzed in a three-dimensional-printed model of a circulating MAA. The in vivo drug release characteristics were examined by implanting the antibiotic-eluting stents in the abdominal aorta of New Zealand white rabbits (n = 15). Results: The in vitro study demonstrated that the biodegradable nanofibers and the nanofiber-loaded stent graft provided sustained release of high concentrations of vancomycin for up to 30 days. The in vivo study showed that the nanofiber-loaded stent exhibited excellent biocompatibility and released high concentrations of vancomycin into the local aortic wall for 8 weeks. Conclusions: The proposed biodegradable vancomycin-eluting nanofibers significantly contribute to the achievement of local and sustainable delivery of antibiotics to the aneurysm sac and the aortic wall, and these nanofibers may have therapeutic applications for MAAs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Infected Aneurysm
Nanofibers
Aortic Aneurysm
Vancomycin
Prostheses and Implants
Stents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Transplants
Abdominal Aorta
Blood Vessels
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Rabbits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{5e967f56e4204ab098dfc24050f3ef44,
title = "Sustained local delivery of high-concentration vancomycin from a hybrid biodegradable, antibiotic-eluting, nanofiber-loaded endovascular prosthesis for treatment of mycotic aortic aneurysms",
abstract = "Background: Endovascular repair for mycotic aortic aneurysm (MAA) is a less invasive alternative to open surgery, although the placement of a stent graft in an infected environment remains controversial. In this study, we developed hybrid biodegradable, vancomycin-eluting, nanofiber-loaded endovascular prostheses and evaluated antibiotic release from the endovascular prostheses both in vitro and in vivo. Methods: Poly(D,L)-lactide-co-glycolide and vancomycin were dissolved in 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol. This solution was electrospun into nanofibrous tubes, which were mounted onto commercial vascular stents and endovascular aortic stent grafts. In vitro antibiotic release from the nanofibers was characterized using an elution method and high-performance liquid chromatography. Antibiotic release from the hybrid stent graft was analyzed in a three-dimensional-printed model of a circulating MAA. The in vivo drug release characteristics were examined by implanting the antibiotic-eluting stents in the abdominal aorta of New Zealand white rabbits (n = 15). Results: The in vitro study demonstrated that the biodegradable nanofibers and the nanofiber-loaded stent graft provided sustained release of high concentrations of vancomycin for up to 30 days. The in vivo study showed that the nanofiber-loaded stent exhibited excellent biocompatibility and released high concentrations of vancomycin into the local aortic wall for 8 weeks. Conclusions: The proposed biodegradable vancomycin-eluting nanofibers significantly contribute to the achievement of local and sustainable delivery of antibiotics to the aneurysm sac and the aortic wall, and these nanofibers may have therapeutic applications for MAAs.",
author = "Liu, {Kuo Sheng} and Lee, {Cheng Hung} and Demei Lee and Michelle Liu and Tsai, {Feng Chun} and Tseng, {Yuan Yun}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jvs.2017.07.142",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Vascular Surgery",
issn = "0741-5214",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sustained local delivery of high-concentration vancomycin from a hybrid biodegradable, antibiotic-eluting, nanofiber-loaded endovascular prosthesis for treatment of mycotic aortic aneurysms

AU - Liu, Kuo Sheng

AU - Lee, Cheng Hung

AU - Lee, Demei

AU - Liu, Michelle

AU - Tsai, Feng Chun

AU - Tseng, Yuan Yun

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Background: Endovascular repair for mycotic aortic aneurysm (MAA) is a less invasive alternative to open surgery, although the placement of a stent graft in an infected environment remains controversial. In this study, we developed hybrid biodegradable, vancomycin-eluting, nanofiber-loaded endovascular prostheses and evaluated antibiotic release from the endovascular prostheses both in vitro and in vivo. Methods: Poly(D,L)-lactide-co-glycolide and vancomycin were dissolved in 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol. This solution was electrospun into nanofibrous tubes, which were mounted onto commercial vascular stents and endovascular aortic stent grafts. In vitro antibiotic release from the nanofibers was characterized using an elution method and high-performance liquid chromatography. Antibiotic release from the hybrid stent graft was analyzed in a three-dimensional-printed model of a circulating MAA. The in vivo drug release characteristics were examined by implanting the antibiotic-eluting stents in the abdominal aorta of New Zealand white rabbits (n = 15). Results: The in vitro study demonstrated that the biodegradable nanofibers and the nanofiber-loaded stent graft provided sustained release of high concentrations of vancomycin for up to 30 days. The in vivo study showed that the nanofiber-loaded stent exhibited excellent biocompatibility and released high concentrations of vancomycin into the local aortic wall for 8 weeks. Conclusions: The proposed biodegradable vancomycin-eluting nanofibers significantly contribute to the achievement of local and sustainable delivery of antibiotics to the aneurysm sac and the aortic wall, and these nanofibers may have therapeutic applications for MAAs.

AB - Background: Endovascular repair for mycotic aortic aneurysm (MAA) is a less invasive alternative to open surgery, although the placement of a stent graft in an infected environment remains controversial. In this study, we developed hybrid biodegradable, vancomycin-eluting, nanofiber-loaded endovascular prostheses and evaluated antibiotic release from the endovascular prostheses both in vitro and in vivo. Methods: Poly(D,L)-lactide-co-glycolide and vancomycin were dissolved in 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol. This solution was electrospun into nanofibrous tubes, which were mounted onto commercial vascular stents and endovascular aortic stent grafts. In vitro antibiotic release from the nanofibers was characterized using an elution method and high-performance liquid chromatography. Antibiotic release from the hybrid stent graft was analyzed in a three-dimensional-printed model of a circulating MAA. The in vivo drug release characteristics were examined by implanting the antibiotic-eluting stents in the abdominal aorta of New Zealand white rabbits (n = 15). Results: The in vitro study demonstrated that the biodegradable nanofibers and the nanofiber-loaded stent graft provided sustained release of high concentrations of vancomycin for up to 30 days. The in vivo study showed that the nanofiber-loaded stent exhibited excellent biocompatibility and released high concentrations of vancomycin into the local aortic wall for 8 weeks. Conclusions: The proposed biodegradable vancomycin-eluting nanofibers significantly contribute to the achievement of local and sustainable delivery of antibiotics to the aneurysm sac and the aortic wall, and these nanofibers may have therapeutic applications for MAAs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85031770037&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85031770037&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jvs.2017.07.142

DO - 10.1016/j.jvs.2017.07.142

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Vascular Surgery

JF - Journal of Vascular Surgery

SN - 0741-5214

ER -