Survey of Dietary and Physiological Status in Adolescent Gymnasts

Yu Chang Lai, Shene Pin Hu, Jen Fang Liu, Yu Fang, Chin Fa Chen, Ping Nan Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the difference in pubertal development, body composition, and nutritional and antioxidative statuses between adolescent gymnasts and non-athletes. Twenty-one male (16.1-year-old) and 23 female (15.5-year-old) gymnasts participated in this study, and 22 male and 25 female non-athletes were used as controls. Male and female gymnasts had been intensively training for 8.2 and 7.4 years, respectively. Pubertal development was delayed in the female gymnast group. Among female gymnasts, 30.4% experienced delayed menarche, and 50% of pubertal gymnasts had menstrual irregularities. Gymnasts were significantly shorter and leaner, and had less body fat than the controls (p <0.05). In addition, gymnasts had significantly lower plasma vitamin C, glutathione, and total antioxidant levels than did the controls (p <0.05). In conclusion, female gymnasts had a higher incidence of menstrual disorders. All gymnasts were shorter and leaner, and also had a different dietary status, lower iron, antioxidant levels than did the controls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-122
Number of pages9
JournalNutritional Sciences Journal
Volume28
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2003

Fingerprint

dietary surveys
physiological state
Antioxidants
antioxidants
menarche
Menarche
Body Composition
Nutritional Status
body fat
Ascorbic Acid
body composition
Glutathione
Surveys and Questionnaires
Adipose Tissue
glutathione
Iron
ascorbic acid
iron
incidence
Incidence

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Anthropometry
  • Gymnasts
  • Nutrient intake
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Lai, Y. C., Hu, S. P., Liu, J. F., Fang, Y., Chen, C. F., & Lo, P. N. (2003). Survey of Dietary and Physiological Status in Adolescent Gymnasts. Nutritional Sciences Journal, 28(3), 114-122.

Survey of Dietary and Physiological Status in Adolescent Gymnasts. / Lai, Yu Chang; Hu, Shene Pin; Liu, Jen Fang; Fang, Yu; Chen, Chin Fa; Lo, Ping Nan.

In: Nutritional Sciences Journal, Vol. 28, No. 3, 09.2003, p. 114-122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lai, YC, Hu, SP, Liu, JF, Fang, Y, Chen, CF & Lo, PN 2003, 'Survey of Dietary and Physiological Status in Adolescent Gymnasts', Nutritional Sciences Journal, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 114-122.
Lai YC, Hu SP, Liu JF, Fang Y, Chen CF, Lo PN. Survey of Dietary and Physiological Status in Adolescent Gymnasts. Nutritional Sciences Journal. 2003 Sep;28(3):114-122.
Lai, Yu Chang ; Hu, Shene Pin ; Liu, Jen Fang ; Fang, Yu ; Chen, Chin Fa ; Lo, Ping Nan. / Survey of Dietary and Physiological Status in Adolescent Gymnasts. In: Nutritional Sciences Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 28, No. 3. pp. 114-122.
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