Suppression of NF-κB signaling by andrographolide with a novel mechanism in human platelets: Regulatory roles of the p38 MAPK-hydroxyl radical-ERK2 cascade

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Abstract

Andrographolide, a novel nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inhibitor, is isolated from leaves of Andrographis paniculata. Platelet activation is relevant to a variety of coronary heart diseases. Our recent studies revealed that andrographolide possesses potent antiplatelet activity by activating the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-NO-cyclic GMP pathway. Although platelets are anucleated cells, they also express the transcription factor, NF-κB, that may exert non-genomic functions in platelet activation. Therefore, we further investigated the inhibitory roles of andrographolide in NF-κB-mediated events in platelets. In this study, NF-κB signaling events, including IKKβ phosphorylation, IκBα degradation, and p65 phosphorylation, were time-dependently activated by collagen in human platelets, and these signaling events were attenuated by andrographolide (35 and 75 μM). ODQ and KT5823, respective inhibitors of guanylate cyclase and cyclic GMP-dependent kinase (PKG), strongly reversed andrographolide-mediated inhibition of platelet aggregation, relative [Ca 2+]i mobilization, and IKKβ, and p65 phosphorylation. In addition, SB203580 (an inhibitor of p38 MAPK), but not PD98059 (an inhibitor of ERKs), markedly abolished IKKβ and p65 phosphorylation. SB203580, NAC (a free-radical scavenger), and BAY11-7082 (an inhibitor of NF-κB) all diminished ERK2 phosphorylation, whereas PD98059, BAY11-7082, and NAC had no effects on p38 MAPK phosphorylation. Furthermore, SB203580, but not BAY11-7082 or PD98059, reduced collagen-induced hydroxyl radical (HO) formation. KT5823 also markedly reversed andrographolide-mediated inhibition of p38 MAPK and ERK2 phosphorylation, and hydroxyl radical formation in platelets. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that andrographolide may involve an increase in cyclic GMP/PKG, followed by inhibition of the p38 MAPK/HO-NF-κB-ERK2 cascade in activated platelets. Therefore, andrographolide may have a high therapeutic potential to treat thromboembolic disorders and may also be considered for treating various inflammatory diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)914-924
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume84
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2012

Fingerprint

p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Phosphorylation
Platelets
Hydroxyl Radical
Blood Platelets
Cyclic GMP
Platelet Activation
Collagen
Andrographis
Chemical activation
Guanylate Kinases
Free Radical Scavengers
andrographolide
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
Guanylate Cyclase
Platelet Aggregation
Coronary Disease
Transcription Factors
Phosphotransferases
Agglomeration

Keywords

  • Andrographolide
  • ERK2
  • Hydroxyl radical
  • NF-κB
  • P38 MAPK
  • Platelet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

@article{c5fde278a3d84e509d9cd4d657d02d77,
title = "Suppression of NF-κB signaling by andrographolide with a novel mechanism in human platelets: Regulatory roles of the p38 MAPK-hydroxyl radical-ERK2 cascade",
abstract = "Andrographolide, a novel nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inhibitor, is isolated from leaves of Andrographis paniculata. Platelet activation is relevant to a variety of coronary heart diseases. Our recent studies revealed that andrographolide possesses potent antiplatelet activity by activating the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-NO-cyclic GMP pathway. Although platelets are anucleated cells, they also express the transcription factor, NF-κB, that may exert non-genomic functions in platelet activation. Therefore, we further investigated the inhibitory roles of andrographolide in NF-κB-mediated events in platelets. In this study, NF-κB signaling events, including IKKβ phosphorylation, IκBα degradation, and p65 phosphorylation, were time-dependently activated by collagen in human platelets, and these signaling events were attenuated by andrographolide (35 and 75 μM). ODQ and KT5823, respective inhibitors of guanylate cyclase and cyclic GMP-dependent kinase (PKG), strongly reversed andrographolide-mediated inhibition of platelet aggregation, relative [Ca 2+]i mobilization, and IKKβ, and p65 phosphorylation. In addition, SB203580 (an inhibitor of p38 MAPK), but not PD98059 (an inhibitor of ERKs), markedly abolished IKKβ and p65 phosphorylation. SB203580, NAC (a free-radical scavenger), and BAY11-7082 (an inhibitor of NF-κB) all diminished ERK2 phosphorylation, whereas PD98059, BAY11-7082, and NAC had no effects on p38 MAPK phosphorylation. Furthermore, SB203580, but not BAY11-7082 or PD98059, reduced collagen-induced hydroxyl radical (HO) formation. KT5823 also markedly reversed andrographolide-mediated inhibition of p38 MAPK and ERK2 phosphorylation, and hydroxyl radical formation in platelets. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that andrographolide may involve an increase in cyclic GMP/PKG, followed by inhibition of the p38 MAPK/HO-NF-κB-ERK2 cascade in activated platelets. Therefore, andrographolide may have a high therapeutic potential to treat thromboembolic disorders and may also be considered for treating various inflammatory diseases.",
keywords = "Andrographolide, ERK2, Hydroxyl radical, NF-κB, P38 MAPK, Platelet",
author = "Wan-Jung Lu and Lin, {Kuan H.} and Hsu, {Ming J.} and Chou, {Duen S.} and George Hsiao and Sheu, {Joen R.}",
year = "2012",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Suppression of NF-κB signaling by andrographolide with a novel mechanism in human platelets

T2 - Regulatory roles of the p38 MAPK-hydroxyl radical-ERK2 cascade

AU - Lu, Wan-Jung

AU - Lin, Kuan H.

AU - Hsu, Ming J.

AU - Chou, Duen S.

AU - Hsiao, George

AU - Sheu, Joen R.

PY - 2012/10/1

Y1 - 2012/10/1

N2 - Andrographolide, a novel nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inhibitor, is isolated from leaves of Andrographis paniculata. Platelet activation is relevant to a variety of coronary heart diseases. Our recent studies revealed that andrographolide possesses potent antiplatelet activity by activating the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-NO-cyclic GMP pathway. Although platelets are anucleated cells, they also express the transcription factor, NF-κB, that may exert non-genomic functions in platelet activation. Therefore, we further investigated the inhibitory roles of andrographolide in NF-κB-mediated events in platelets. In this study, NF-κB signaling events, including IKKβ phosphorylation, IκBα degradation, and p65 phosphorylation, were time-dependently activated by collagen in human platelets, and these signaling events were attenuated by andrographolide (35 and 75 μM). ODQ and KT5823, respective inhibitors of guanylate cyclase and cyclic GMP-dependent kinase (PKG), strongly reversed andrographolide-mediated inhibition of platelet aggregation, relative [Ca 2+]i mobilization, and IKKβ, and p65 phosphorylation. In addition, SB203580 (an inhibitor of p38 MAPK), but not PD98059 (an inhibitor of ERKs), markedly abolished IKKβ and p65 phosphorylation. SB203580, NAC (a free-radical scavenger), and BAY11-7082 (an inhibitor of NF-κB) all diminished ERK2 phosphorylation, whereas PD98059, BAY11-7082, and NAC had no effects on p38 MAPK phosphorylation. Furthermore, SB203580, but not BAY11-7082 or PD98059, reduced collagen-induced hydroxyl radical (HO) formation. KT5823 also markedly reversed andrographolide-mediated inhibition of p38 MAPK and ERK2 phosphorylation, and hydroxyl radical formation in platelets. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that andrographolide may involve an increase in cyclic GMP/PKG, followed by inhibition of the p38 MAPK/HO-NF-κB-ERK2 cascade in activated platelets. Therefore, andrographolide may have a high therapeutic potential to treat thromboembolic disorders and may also be considered for treating various inflammatory diseases.

AB - Andrographolide, a novel nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inhibitor, is isolated from leaves of Andrographis paniculata. Platelet activation is relevant to a variety of coronary heart diseases. Our recent studies revealed that andrographolide possesses potent antiplatelet activity by activating the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-NO-cyclic GMP pathway. Although platelets are anucleated cells, they also express the transcription factor, NF-κB, that may exert non-genomic functions in platelet activation. Therefore, we further investigated the inhibitory roles of andrographolide in NF-κB-mediated events in platelets. In this study, NF-κB signaling events, including IKKβ phosphorylation, IκBα degradation, and p65 phosphorylation, were time-dependently activated by collagen in human platelets, and these signaling events were attenuated by andrographolide (35 and 75 μM). ODQ and KT5823, respective inhibitors of guanylate cyclase and cyclic GMP-dependent kinase (PKG), strongly reversed andrographolide-mediated inhibition of platelet aggregation, relative [Ca 2+]i mobilization, and IKKβ, and p65 phosphorylation. In addition, SB203580 (an inhibitor of p38 MAPK), but not PD98059 (an inhibitor of ERKs), markedly abolished IKKβ and p65 phosphorylation. SB203580, NAC (a free-radical scavenger), and BAY11-7082 (an inhibitor of NF-κB) all diminished ERK2 phosphorylation, whereas PD98059, BAY11-7082, and NAC had no effects on p38 MAPK phosphorylation. Furthermore, SB203580, but not BAY11-7082 or PD98059, reduced collagen-induced hydroxyl radical (HO) formation. KT5823 also markedly reversed andrographolide-mediated inhibition of p38 MAPK and ERK2 phosphorylation, and hydroxyl radical formation in platelets. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that andrographolide may involve an increase in cyclic GMP/PKG, followed by inhibition of the p38 MAPK/HO-NF-κB-ERK2 cascade in activated platelets. Therefore, andrographolide may have a high therapeutic potential to treat thromboembolic disorders and may also be considered for treating various inflammatory diseases.

KW - Andrographolide

KW - ERK2

KW - Hydroxyl radical

KW - NF-κB

KW - P38 MAPK

KW - Platelet

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