Suppression of lipid accumulation by indole-3-carbinol is associated with increased expression of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and CYP1B1 proteins in adipocytes and with decreased adipocyte-stimulated endothelial tube formation

Mei Lin Wang, Shyh Hsiang Lin, Yuan Yu Hou, Yue Hwa Chen

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7 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the effects of indole-3-carbinol (I3C) on adipogenesis- and angiogenesis-associated factors in mature adipocytes. The cross-talk between mature adipocytes and endothelial cells (ECs) was also explored by cultivating ECs in a conditioned medium (CM) by using I3C-treated adipocytes. The results revealed that I3C significantly inhibited triglyceride accumulation in mature adipocytes in association with significantly increased expression of AhR and CYP1B1 proteins as well as slightly decreased nuclear factor erythroid-derived factor 2–related factor 2, hormone-sensitive lipase, and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase expression by mature adipocytes. Furthermore, I3C inhibited CM-stimulated endothelial tube formation, which was accompanied by the modulated secretion of angiogenic factors in adipocytes, including vascular endothelial growth factor, interleukin-6, matrix metalloproteinases, and nitric oxide. In conclusion, I3C reduced lipid droplet accumulation in adipocytes and suppressed adipocyte-stimulated angiogenesis in ECs, suggesting that I3C is a potential therapeutic agent for treating obesity and obesity-associated disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1256
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 3 2016



  • Adipocytes
  • Adipogenesis
  • Angiogenesis
  • Aryl hydrocarbon receptor
  • Indole-3-carbinol
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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