Summary of invasive pneumococcal disease burden among children in the Asia-Pacific region

Tzou Yien Lin, Nitin K. Shah, Dennis Brooks, Carmen S. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) burden is significant in the Asia-Pacific region. This review describes the epidemiology and Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) serotype distribution of IPD in children in the Asia-Pacific region from studies published from 1999 to 2010. IPD incidence varies widely in Asia-Pacific countries depending on the method of surveillance, the population studied, and the time period. Incidences are highest for younger children, with rates near 100-200 cases per 100,000 children aged <1 or 2 years. Incidences of preventable disease are estimated to be 6-200 cases per 100,000. Heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) serotype coverage shows a very wide range over the Asia-Pacific region. Ten countries have high vaccine serotype coverage (>70%), and six countries have low vaccine serotype coverage (<50%). The majority of SP serotypes in children with IPD in most countries in the Asia-Pacific region are susceptible to penicillin (intermediate and resistant <50%); a few countries have SP serotypes with high level resistance to penicillin (intermediate and resistant >50%). Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand have high PCV7 serotype coverage. Countries with low pneumococcal resistance to antimicrobials have shown increasingly higher nonsusceptibility with time. National vaccination programmes that include PCV7, 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), or 13-valent PCV would significantly affect IPD burden in children aged <5 years in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as the burden of penicillin-nonsusceptible IPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7589-7605
Number of pages17
JournalVaccine
Volume28
Issue number48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 10 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Asia-Pacific.
  • Pneumococcus
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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