Sudden Sensorineural hearing loss associated with tension-type headache: A population-based study

Po Chou Hsiao, Hsiao Yun Hu, Tzong Hann Yang, Fei Peng Lee, Hung Meng Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study explored the relationship between sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and prior tension-type headache (TTH) in a large nationwide population-based data set in Taiwan. Methods: In this case-controlled study in Taiwan, participants with SSNHL (n = 4,683) were identified, and controls (n = 18,732) were randomly selected from the National Health Insurance database. Cases of TTH were identified by having been diagnosed as TTH prior to the index date of SSNHL diagnosis. A conditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association of sudden deafness with TTH among the sampled patients. Results: Among the 23,415 patients, 2.5% (600/23,415) had TTH diagnoses prior to the index date; TTH was diagnosed in 4.5% (209/4,683) of the SSNHL group and 2.1% (391/18,732) of the control group. After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and comorbid medical disorders, we found that patients with SSNHL were more likely to have had a previous TTH than controls (OR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.54-2.24; p <0.01). Conclusion: Both male and female patients with SSNHL had a higher proportion of prior TTH than controls without SSNHL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-127
Number of pages6
JournalAudiology and Neurotology
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 24 2015

Keywords

  • Sudden deafness
  • Sudden sensorineural hearing loss
  • Tension-type headache

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Speech and Hearing

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